Case Study- Eyjallakokull (Iceland) MEDC

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  • Created by: EMBROWN23
  • Created on: 12-12-15 17:13
When did the volcanic eruption occur in Iceland?
20th April 2010
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What happend?
A fissure eruption occured with lava flows on the east side and west side.
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What was released?
Large amounts of volcanic ash and an ash plume
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How many farms were destroyed and by what?
20 farms were destoryed due to floods and ash.
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How was the ash distributed?
The ash was distributed by high velocity jett streams above Iceland.
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How high did the ash cloud reach?
11,000M
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What was the crops damaged by?
Heavy ash fall
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Fluoride from ash contaminated what?
Water supplies
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How thick was the ice cap that melted?
150M
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What are the effects of the ice cap melting?
Major flooding occured and 700 people had to be evacuted
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How long was the airspace in Europe shut for?
6 days
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How many flights were cancelled?
Around 95,000
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How much did shares fall by in travel and tourism agenices?
4%
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How much did London lose in toursim?
£102 million
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How many barrels of oil were not used?
1.87 million
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How much did it cost airlines a day?
$200 million
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How much did airlines lose all together?
$2 billion
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What was the warning system they used?
They sent out texts with 30 minute warnings
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How did they predict further eruptions?
Using high tech equipment
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Name a long term response?
1) Roads were rebuilt. 2) Research on how ash effected aircrafts was done. 3) Local flood defences were reconstructed.
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Why was it managed successfuly?
1) They had a good early warning system with texts being sent with 30 minute warnings. 2) High tech equipment was used to predict further eruptions. 3) The first small eruption occured on the 20th March, this meant they had time to prepare.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What happend?

Back

A fissure eruption occured with lava flows on the east side and west side.

Card 3

Front

What was released?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many farms were destroyed and by what?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How was the ash distributed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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