Case Studies - L'Aquila and Kashmir Earthquakes

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L'Aquila Earthquake
-Place: L'Aquila, Italy. -Date: 6th April, 2009. -Size: 6.3 on the moment magnitude scale.
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L'Aquila - Primary Effects
-Around 300 deaths, mostly from collapsed buildings. -1500 people were injured. -Tens of thousands of buildings were damaged or destroyed. -Over 60000 people were made homeless. -A bridge near the town of Fossa collapsed, and a water pipe was broken.
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L'Aquila - Secondary Effects
-Aftershocks hampered rescue efforts and caused more damage. -Fires in some collapsed buildings caused more damage. -The broken water pipe near the town of Paganica caused a landslide. -Electricity and phone services were interrupted.
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L'Aquila - Immediate Responses (1)
-Camps were set up for people made homeless, providing water, food, and medical care. -Ambulances, fire engines and the army were sent in to rescue survivors. -Cranes and diggers were used to remove rubble.
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L'Aquila - Immediate Responses (2)
-Free mobile phones and SIM cards were provided for people who had lost their homes. -Money was provided by the government to pay rent, and gas and electricity bills were suspended.
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L'Aquila - Long-Term Responses (1)
-New settlements were built to accommodate over 20000 residents who used to live in the damaged city centre. -Most of the city centre is being rebuilt, but there have been criticisms over delays.
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L'Aquila - Long-Term Responses (2)
-An investigation was set up into why modern buildings weren't built to withstand earthquakes.
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Kashmir Earthquake
-Place: Kashmir, Pakistan. -Date: 8th October, 2005. -Size: 7.6 on the moment magnitude scale.
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Kashmir - Primary Effects (1)
-Around 80000 deaths, mostly from collapsed buildings. -Tens of thousands of people were injured. -Hundreds of thousands of buildings were damaged or destroyed, including whole villages. -Around 3 million people were made homeless.
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Kashmir - Primary Effects (2)
-Water pipelines and electricity lines were broken, cutting off supply.
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Kashmir - Secondary Effects (1)
-Landslides buried buildings and people. They also blocked access roads and cut off water supplies, electricity supplies and telephone lines. -Diarrhoea and other diseases spread due to little clean water.
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Kashmir - Secondary Effects (2)
-Freezing winter conditions shortly after the earthquake caused more casualties and meant rescue and rebuilding operations were difficult.
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Kashmir - Immediate Responses (1)
-International aid and equipment such as helicopters and rescue dogs were brought in, as well as teams of people from other countries.
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Kashmir - Immediate Responses (2)
-Despite this, help didn't reach many areas for days or weeks, and many people had to be rescued by hand without any equipment or help form emergency services. -Tents, blankets and medical supplies given out; took up to a month to reach most areas.
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Kashmir - Long-Term Responses (1)
-40000 people from one destroyed town have been located to a new settlement. -Aid was given to rebuild schools, and government money was given to rebuild homes. -However, many people had to use the government money to buy food.
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Kashmir - Long-Term Responses (2)
-After 3 years, thousands of people were still living in temporary tents. -Some schools were still not rebuilt 10 years after the earthquake, with pupils being taught outside.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

-Around 300 deaths, mostly from collapsed buildings. -1500 people were injured. -Tens of thousands of buildings were damaged or destroyed. -Over 60000 people were made homeless. -A bridge near the town of Fossa collapsed, and a water pipe was broken.

Back

L'Aquila - Primary Effects

Card 3

Front

-Aftershocks hampered rescue efforts and caused more damage. -Fires in some collapsed buildings caused more damage. -The broken water pipe near the town of Paganica caused a landslide. -Electricity and phone services were interrupted.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

-Camps were set up for people made homeless, providing water, food, and medical care. -Ambulances, fire engines and the army were sent in to rescue survivors. -Cranes and diggers were used to remove rubble.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

-Free mobile phones and SIM cards were provided for people who had lost their homes. -Money was provided by the government to pay rent, and gas and electricity bills were suspended.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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