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## 6. Bivariate mapping

• 2 attributes combined in the same thematic map
• 2
• single attribute on map

## 7. Bipolar scheme

• Interval
• Diverging scheme
• Qualitative scheme
• sequential scheme

## 8. Colour intensity

• Lightness/darkness
• Saturation
• Electromagnetic energy wavelength

## 9. Vector data is

• Representation of the world as; points, lines and polygons
• GIS data
• "representation of the world as a surface divided into regular grid of cells
• spatial data

## 10. True point data

• size of areas of point symbol
• Area of point symbols
• Data measured at point locations e.g. temp @ weather stations
• collected over areas but conceived as of being located at points for purposes of symbolization

## 11. Spatial data and attribute data is;

• Some what available
• Sparsely available
• Widely available
• Limited

## 12. Georeferencing is'

• Correcting attribute data
• Correcting spatial data
• Correcting remote sensing images of moving geometric distortion by motion of sensors or earth
• Tabular and/textual data describing characteristics of map feature

## 13. Distance cartogram

• Real world distances distorted to reflect an attribute
• Scale administative units as a function of the value of an attribute

## 14. 2 major views of maps

• As communicative tools and social construbctions
• As analyse, manipulation tools

• Jerusalem
• London
• Marrakesh
• Loughborough

## 16. Map projections

• Transform the curved 3D of the Earth onto a flat, 2D plane - where some distances are stretched and some are shortened
• Transform the flat 2D of the Earth onto curved a, 3D plane - where some distances are stretched and some are shortened

## 17. Aristole suggested the Earth was a sphere, but what observations supported his theory?

• Ships got bigger as they went over the horizon and the moon is spherical
• Based on the curvature of the Earth
• Ships got smaller as they went over the horizon and the moon is spherical
• Sun is spherical

## 18. Flow map

• Associated with the function of the value of an attributed
• Depicits the linear movement of phenomenon between geographic locations
• Based on uniformity shaped symbol of lines

## 19. Mercator invented map projections, great for navigation but what was the consequence?

• It causes distortion of large objects near the poles, causing small objects to appear larger so Europe is over-emphasized
• It caused the distortion of large objects, closer to the poles. So Europe is over-emphasized
• It causes distortion of large objects near the equator, causing large objects to appear larger so Europe is over-emphasized
• It causes distortion of large objects near the equator, causing small objects to appear larger so Europe is over-emphasized

## 20. Meridans

• a circle of constant longitude passing through a given place on the earth's surface and the terrestrial poles.
• Circle crossing equator to tropics
• Constant latitude