caregiver-infant interactions

  • Created by: IvyVega
  • Created on: 09-05-18 12:13
newborn babies have alert phases
from birth, babies and their mothers spend a lot of time in intense and pleasurable interaction. babies have periodic alert phases and signal they are ready for interaction, which mothers respond to around two-thirds of the time
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interactional synchrony- mirroring
two people are said to be synchronised when they carry out the same action simultaneously. interactional synchrony can be defined as the coordination of micro-level behaviour. it takes place when mother and infant interact that the mirror each other.
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interactional synchrony at two weeks old.
meltzof and moore (1977) observed the beginnings of interactional synchrony in infants as young as two weeks old. an adult displayed one of three facial expressions or one of three distinctive gestures and the child's response was filmed.
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important for development of attachment. high synchrony= higher quality attachment
Isabella et al (1989) observed 20 mothers and infants together and assessed the degre of synchrony and the quality of mother-infant attachment. the researchers found that high levels of synchrony were associated with better quality attachment.
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reciprocity- one person responds to the other
from around three months reciprocal interaction tends to be increasingly frequent, when each person responds to the other and elicits a response from them. it involves close attention to each other's verbal signals and facial expressions.
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baby is active
traditional views of childhood have seen the baby in a passive role, receiving care from an adult. however, it seems that the baby takes an active role. both mother and child can initiate interactions and they appear to take turns in doing so.
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strength 1- well-controlled procedures.
mother-infant interactions are usually filmed, often from multiple angels. very fine details of behaviour can be recorded and analysed later. this is a strength of this line of research because it means the studies have good validity.
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limitation 1- don't tell us the purpose
feldman (2012) points out that synchrony simply describes behaviours that occur at the same time. these are robust phenomena in the sanse that they can be reliably observed, but this may not be particularly useful as it does not tell us their purpose
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limitation 1- socially sensitive
this is because it suggests that children may be disadvantaged by particular child-rearing practices. this suggests that mothers should not return to work so soon- this has obvious socially sensitive implications.
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Card 2

Front

two people are said to be synchronised when they carry out the same action simultaneously. interactional synchrony can be defined as the coordination of micro-level behaviour. it takes place when mother and infant interact that the mirror each other.

Back

interactional synchrony- mirroring

Card 3

Front

meltzof and moore (1977) observed the beginnings of interactional synchrony in infants as young as two weeks old. an adult displayed one of three facial expressions or one of three distinctive gestures and the child's response was filmed.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Isabella et al (1989) observed 20 mothers and infants together and assessed the degre of synchrony and the quality of mother-infant attachment. the researchers found that high levels of synchrony were associated with better quality attachment.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

from around three months reciprocal interaction tends to be increasingly frequent, when each person responds to the other and elicits a response from them. it involves close attention to each other's verbal signals and facial expressions.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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