Carboxylic acids and esters

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What is the functional group of a carboxylic acid?
-COOH
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How do you name a carboxylic acid?
Find the longest carbon chain and replace the 'e' at the end with 'oic acid'
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How do you number the other functional groups on a carboxylic acid?
Number them from the carbon in the carboxylic acid
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How do you name dicarboxylic acids?
All names end in 'dioc' acid and the 'e' of the alkane is not lost
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Are carboxylic acids strong or weak acids?
Weak
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What do carboxylic acids produce when the partially dissociate in water?
Carboxylate ion and H+ ion
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What is an example of an aqueous alkali?
Sodium Hydroxide - NaOH
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What is produced when ethanoic acid is reacted with sodium hydroxide?
Sodium ethanoate and water
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What is produced when pentaoic acid is reacted with sodium carbonate?
Sodium pentanoate, water and carbon dioxide
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What is the functional group of an ester?
COO- (hydrogen from COOH in carboxylic acid is replaced by a hydrocarbon group)
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What are esters made up of?
Carboxylic acid and alcohol
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How do you name an ester?
First part of name relates to alcohol and second part relates to carboxylic acid
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What is produced when a carboxylic acid is heated with an alcohol and concentrated sulfuric acid?
Ester and water
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How do you name a carboxylic acid?

Back

Find the longest carbon chain and replace the 'e' at the end with 'oic acid'

Card 3

Front

How do you number the other functional groups on a carboxylic acid?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How do you name dicarboxylic acids?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Are carboxylic acids strong or weak acids?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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