Carbohydrates, Lipids and Proteins

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  • Created by: DHorwood
  • Created on: 15-10-14 12:37
Which chemical elements are contained in carbohydrates?
Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen
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Name two monosaccharides?
Glucose and Fructose
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How many carbon atoms are there in Glucose?
6
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A hexose sugar can otherwise be explained as?
A molecule containing 6 carbon atoms
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Give an example of a pentose sugar?
Ribose
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Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
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What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
7 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
8 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
9 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
10 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
11 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
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Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
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Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
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What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
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What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
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Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
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Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
18 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
19 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
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Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
21 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
22 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
23 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
24 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
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What 4 chemical groups attach to the carbon atom of an amino acid?
Hydrogen, Basic amino group, acidic carboxyl group and variable 'R' group
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How many 'R' groups are there?
20
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A long chain of amino acids is called a .....?
Protein
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How many amino acids can humans produce naturally?
10
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Two amino acids joined together form a ... ?
Dipeptide
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amino acids join together via which reaction?
condensation reaction
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What is a polypeptide?
a chain of up to 50 amino acids
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Describe the primary structure of a protein?
sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain
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Describe the secondary structure of a protein?
Folding (Beta sheet) or coiling (Alpha helix) of amino acids bonded together by hydrogen bonds between the carboxyl groups and the amino group in the polypeptide backbone
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Describe the tertiary structure of a protein?
Globular structure ensuring every protein has a unique structure which determines its property and function
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Tertiary structure is linked to primary or secondary structure and why?
Tertiary structure occurs due to side chain interactions, thus depends on the amino acid sequence (primary)
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What is quaternary structure?
How more than one polypeptide chain arranges together to form a protein.
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Give four examples of globular proteins with a quaternary structure?
Haemoglobin (oxygen in red blood cells), Immunoglobulins (antibodies), Actin (muscle), Tubulin (cells)
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Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
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What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
40 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
41 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
42 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
43 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
44 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
45 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
46 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
47 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
48 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
49 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
50 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
51 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
52 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
53 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
54 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
55 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
56 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
57 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
58 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
59 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
60 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
61 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
62 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
63 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
64 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
65 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
66 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
67 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
68 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
69 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
70 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
71 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
72 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
73 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
74 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
75 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
76 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
77 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
78 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
79 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
80 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
81 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
82 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
83 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
84 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
85 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
86 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
87 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
88 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
89 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
90 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
91 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
92 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
93 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
94 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
95 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
96 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
97 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
98 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
99 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
100 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
101 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
102 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
103 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
104 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
105 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
106 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
107 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
108 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
109 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
110 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
111 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
112 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
113 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
114 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
115 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
116 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
117 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
118 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
119 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
120 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
121 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
122 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
123 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
124 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
125 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
126 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
127 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
128 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
129 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
130 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
131 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
132 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
133 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
134 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
135 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
136 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
137 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
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Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
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Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
140 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
141 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
142 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
143 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
144 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
145 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
146 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
147 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
148 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
149 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
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What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
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What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
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Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
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Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
154 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
155 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid
156 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
157 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
158 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
159 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
160 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
161 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
162 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
163 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
164 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
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What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
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What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
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Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
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Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
169 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
170 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
171 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
172 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
173 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
174 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
175 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
176 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
177 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
178 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
179 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
180 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
181 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
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Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
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Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
184 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
185 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
186 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
187 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
188 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
189 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
190 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
191 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
192 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
193 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
194 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
195 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
196 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
197 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
198 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
199 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
200 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
201 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
202 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
203 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer
204 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
205 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
206 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
207 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
208 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
209 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
210 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
211 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
212 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
213 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
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What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
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Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
216 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
217 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
218 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
219 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
220 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
221 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
222 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
223 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
224 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
225 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
226 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
227 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
228 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
229 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
230 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
231 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
232 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
233 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
234 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
235 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
236 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
237 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
238 of 633
What is a steroid and gi
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
239 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
240 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
241 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
242 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
243 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
244 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
245 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
246 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
247 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
248 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
249 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
250 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
251 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
252 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
253 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
254 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
255 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
256 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
257 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones,
258 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
259 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
260 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
261 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
262 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
263 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
264 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
265 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
266 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
267 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
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What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
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Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
270 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
271 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
272 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
273 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
274 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
275 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
276 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
277 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Sulphur
278 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
279 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
280 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
281 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
282 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
283 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
284 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
285 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
286 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
287 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
288 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
289 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
290 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
291 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
292 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
293 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
294 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
295 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
296 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
297 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
298 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
299 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
300 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
301 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
302 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
303 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
304 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
305 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
306 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
307 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
308 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
309 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
310 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
311 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
312 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
313 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
314 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
315 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
316 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
317 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
318 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
319 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
320 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
321 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
322 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
323 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
324 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
325 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
326 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
327 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
328 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
329 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
330 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
331 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
332 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
333 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
334 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
335 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
336 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
337 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
338 of 633
What 4 chemical groups attach to the carbon atom of an amino acid?
Hydrogen, Basic amino group, acidic carboxyl group and variable 'R' group
339 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
340 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
341 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
342 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
343 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
344 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
345 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
346 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
347 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
348 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
349 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
350 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
351 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
352 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
353 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
354 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
355 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
356 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
357 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
358 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
359 of 633
What 4 chemical groups attach to the carbon atom of an amino acid?
Hydrogen, Basic amino group, acidic carboxyl group and variable 'R' group
360 of 633
How many 'R' groups are there?
20
361 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
362 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
363 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
364 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
365 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
366 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
367 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
368 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
369 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
370 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
371 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
372 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
373 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
374 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
375 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
376 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
377 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
378 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
379 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
380 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
381 of 633
What 4 chemical groups attach to the carbon atom of an amino acid?
Hydrogen, Basic amino group, acidic carboxyl group and variable 'R' group
382 of 633
How many 'R' groups are there?
20
383 of 633
A long chain of amino acids is called a .....?
Protein
384 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
385 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
386 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
387 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
388 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
389 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
390 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
391 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
392 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
393 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
394 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
395 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
396 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
397 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
398 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
399 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
400 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
401 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
402 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
403 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
404 of 633
What 4 chemical groups attach to the carbon atom of an amino acid?
Hydrogen, Basic amino group, acidic carboxyl group and variable 'R' group
405 of 633
How many 'R' groups are there?
20
406 of 633
A long chain of amino acids is called a .....?
Protein
407 of 633
How many amino acids can humans produce naturally?
10
408 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
409 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
410 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
411 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
412 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
413 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
414 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
415 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
416 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
417 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
418 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
419 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
420 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
421 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
422 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
423 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
424 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
425 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
426 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
427 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
428 of 633
What 4 chemical groups attach to the carbon atom of an amino acid?
Hydrogen, Basic amino group, acidic carboxyl group and variable 'R' group
429 of 633
How many 'R' groups are there?
20
430 of 633
A long chain of amino acids is called a .....?
Protein
431 of 633
How many amino acids can humans produce naturally?
10
432 of 633
Two amino acids joined together form a ... ?
Dipeptide
433 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
434 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
435 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
436 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
437 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
438 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
439 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
440 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
441 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
442 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
443 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
444 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
445 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
446 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
447 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
448 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
449 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
450 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
451 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
452 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
453 of 633
What 4 chemical groups attach to the carbon atom of an amino acid?
Hydrogen, Basic amino group, acidic carboxyl group and variable 'R' group
454 of 633
How many 'R' groups are there?
20
455 of 633
A long chain of amino acids is called a .....?
Protein
456 of 633
How many amino acids can humans produce naturally?
10
457 of 633
Two amino acids joined together form a ... ?
Dipeptide
458 of 633
amino acids join together via which reaction?
condensation reaction
459 of 633
What is a polypeptide?
a chain of up to 50 amino acids
460 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
461 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
462 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
463 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
464 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
465 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
466 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
467 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
468 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
469 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
470 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
471 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
472 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
473 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
474 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
475 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
476 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
477 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
478 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
479 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
480 of 633
What 4 chemical groups attach to the carbon atom of an amino acid?
Hydrogen, Basic amino group, acidic carboxyl group and variable 'R' group
481 of 633
How many 'R' groups are there?
20
482 of 633
A long chain of amino acids is called a .....?
Protein
483 of 633
How many amino acids can humans produce naturally?
10
484 of 633
Two amino acids joined together form a ... ?
Dipeptide
485 of 633
amino acids join together via which reaction?
condensation reaction
486 of 633
What is a polypeptide?
a chain of up to 50 amino acids
487 of 633
Describe the primary structure of a protein?
sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain
488 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
489 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
490 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
491 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
492 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
493 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
494 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
495 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
496 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
497 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
498 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
499 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
500 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
501 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
502 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
503 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
504 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
505 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
506 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
507 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
508 of 633
What 4 chemical groups attach to the carbon atom of an amino acid?
Hydrogen, Basic amino group, acidic carboxyl group and variable 'R' group
509 of 633
How many 'R' groups are there?
20
510 of 633
A long chain of amino acids is called a .....?
Protein
511 of 633
How many amino acids can humans produce naturally?
10
512 of 633
Two amino acids joined together form a ... ?
Dipeptide
513 of 633
amino acids join together via which reaction?
condensation reaction
514 of 633
What is a polypeptide?
a chain of up to 50 amino acids
515 of 633
Describe the primary structure of a protein?
sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain
516 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
517 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
518 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
519 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
520 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
521 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
522 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
523 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
524 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
525 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
526 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
527 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
528 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
529 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
530 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
531 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
532 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
533 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
534 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
535 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
536 of 633
What 4 chemical groups attach to the carbon atom of an amino acid?
Hydrogen, Basic amino group, acidic carboxyl group and variable 'R' group
537 of 633
How many 'R' groups are there?
20
538 of 633
A long chain of amino acids is called a .....?
Protein
539 of 633
How many amino acids can humans produce naturally?
10
540 of 633
Two amino acids joined together form a ... ?
Dipeptide
541 of 633
amino acids join together via which reaction?
condensation reaction
542 of 633
What is a polypeptide?
a chain of up to 50 amino acids
543 of 633
Describe the primary structure of a protein?
sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain
544 of 633
Describe the secondary structure of a protein?
Folding (Beta sheet) or coiling (Alpha helix) of
545 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
546 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
547 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
548 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
549 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
550 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
551 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
552 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
553 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
554 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
555 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
556 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
557 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
558 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
559 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
560 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
561 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
562 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
563 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
564 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
565 of 633
What 4 chemical groups attach to the carbon atom of an amino acid?
Hydrogen, Basic amino group, acidic carboxyl group and variable 'R' group
566 of 633
How many 'R' groups are there?
20
567 of 633
A long chain of amino acids is called a .....?
Protein
568 of 633
How many amino acids can humans produce naturally?
10
569 of 633
Two amino acids joined together form a ... ?
Dipeptide
570 of 633
amino acids join together via which reaction?
condensation reaction
571 of 633
What is a polypeptide?
a chain of up to 50 amino acids
572 of 633
Describe the primary structure of a protein?
sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain
573 of 633
Describe the secondary structure of a protein?
Folding (Beta sheet) or coiling (Alpha helix) of amino acids bonded together by hydrogen bonds between the carboxyl groups and the amino group in the polypeptide backbone
574 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
575 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
576 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
577 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
578 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
579 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
580 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
581 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
582 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
583 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
584 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
585 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
586 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
587 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
588 of 633
What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
589 of 633
Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
590 of 633
What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
591 of 633
What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
592 of 633
Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
593 of 633
Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
594 of 633
What 4 chemical groups attach to the carbon atom of an amino acid?
Hydrogen, Basic amino group, acidic carboxyl group and variable 'R' group
595 of 633
How many 'R' groups are there?
20
596 of 633
A long chain of amino acids is called a .....?
Protein
597 of 633
How many amino acids can humans produce naturally?
10
598 of 633
Two amino acids joined together form a ... ?
Dipeptide
599 of 633
amino acids join together via which reaction?
condensation reaction
600 of 633
What is a polypeptide?
a chain of up to 50 amino acids
601 of 633
Describe the primary structure of a protein?
sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain
602 of 633
Describe the secondary structure of a protein?
Folding (Beta sheet) or coiling (Alpha helix) of amino acids bonded together by hydrogen bonds between the carboxyl groups and the amino group in the polypeptide backbone
603 of 633
Disaccharides are joined together by a ................ link?
Glycosidic
604 of 633
What is a condensation reaction?
The loss of H atom from carbon atom 1 and loss of OH from carbon atom 4, resulting in lost water molecule (H20) and formation of glycosidic link
605 of 633
The reverse reaction is called?
Hydrolysis reaction
606 of 633
Name three common disaccharides?
Maltose, Sucrose and Lactose
607 of 633
Polysaccharides are ...
Long chains of monosaccharides joined together by glycosidic links
608 of 633
Name three important polysaccharides?
Starch, Cellulose and Glycogen
609 of 633
Cellulose is found in humans and plants. True or false?
False (plants only)
610 of 633
Where in the body is glycogen stored?
Muscle and liver
611 of 633
Lipids are hydrophilic polar molecules. True or false?
False (hydrophobic, non polar)
612 of 633
What is a triglyceride?
Fat or oil made up of glycerol and 3 fatty acids
613 of 633
What makes fat saturated?
No double carbon bonds present
614 of 633
Unsaturated fats have a low melting point. True of false?
True
615 of 633
Name three uses for triglycerides in the body?
Storage, insulation and protection in fatty tissue
616 of 633
Give two examples of a triglyceride containing unsaturated fatty acids?
Cod liver oil, vegetable oil
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What is a phospholipid?
phosphate group in place of one fatty acid chain
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Phospholipids are the main components of .............
Cell membranes
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What is a liposome?
double layered phospholipid bi layer which traps a component of water in the middle
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What is a steroid and give an example?
small hydrophobic molecules e.g. cholesterol
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Give 5 examples of the function of proteins?
Antibodies, enzymes, hormones, transport, structure
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Name the five elements of an amino acid?
Carbon (C) , Hydrogen (H), Oxygen (O), Nitrogen (N) and Sulphur (S)
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What 4 chemical groups attach to the carbon atom of an amino acid?
Hydrogen, Basic amino group, acidic carboxyl group and variable 'R' group
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How many 'R' groups are there?
20
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A long chain of amino acids is called a .....?
Protein
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How many amino acids can humans produce naturally?
10
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Two amino acids joined together form a ... ?
Dipeptide
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amino acids join together via which reaction?
condensation reaction
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What is a polypeptide?
a chain of up to 50 amino acids
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Describe the primary structure of a protein?
sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain
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Describe the secondary structure of a protein?
Folding (Beta sheet) or coiling (Alpha helix) of amino acids bonded together by hydrogen bonds between the carboxyl groups and the amino group in the polypeptide backbone
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Describe the tertiary structure of a protein?
Globular structure ensuring every protein has a unique structure which determines its property and function
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Name two monosaccharides?

Back

Glucose and Fructose

Card 3

Front

How many carbon atoms are there in Glucose?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

A hexose sugar can otherwise be explained as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give an example of a pentose sugar?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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