Common Agricultural Policy & Common Fisheries Policy

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What is Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)?
A set of rules and regulations governing agricultural activities in Europe
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What is the CAP trying to adress?
To provide food security, and issue which became evident Post-WW2, and harmonise policies between diffrent European States and providing a common market for farmers to sell their produce and giving subsidies where needed, to support their way of life
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How many food dishes and wines/spirits does the CAP officially protect?
750 dishes & 2000 wines/spirits
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Why does they officially protect dishes and wines?
To provide food diversity to Europe (Rather than US-Style manufactored foods)
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What percentage of farmers are being lost in Europe every year?
2%
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How many euros worth of food does Europe import annually from developing nations?
65 billion (euros) - More than the US, Canada, Japan, Australia and New Zealand combined!
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How does the CAP provide stability from fluctuating food markets?
By providing a stable/minimum food price to farmers for their goods. Therefore, providing reasonable prices to consumers
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Why does the CAP prohibit chemical/pesticide usage?
To provide sustainability to the industry (Also, farmers recieve more if they avoid using chemicals/pestisides)
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Why would LEDC's be against the CAP?
Surplus food is essentially 'dumped' on LEDC markets, at very low prices, undermining the fragile food market of the nation
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.....% of CAP funding goes to .....% of the farms
80% of CAP funding to 25% of farms (These 25% prodominantly consist of huge environment destorying mega-farms rather than small-scale farms)
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WHy does the CAP cause an increase in chemical/pestiside usage?
Because farmers are trying to churn out as much produce as possible to recieve as much subsidies as they can!
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What was the aim of the of the 2003 reforms?
To decouple the link between subsidies paid to amount produced. INSTEAD provide subsidies based on the area of land farmed
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Why was providing subsidies based on land farmed a good step?
As it meant that farmers had to respond to the market, and produce food based on demand - Rather than simply churning out produce to recieve a payout
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What standards must the farms meet to obtain subsidies?
Must suffieciently adhere to strict environment policies, food safety regulations and animal welfaire regulations
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What is the Common Fisheries Policy (CAP)?
A set of regulations and policies governing fishing insutry in Europe
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What is the CFP trying to adress?
To provide a common market to Europe, whilst also providing sustainability to the industry by protecting fish supplies and fishermen
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How does the CFP prevent rivalry & competition?
As all EU states have access to all of Europes seas. Additionally, everyone is working towards a common purpose - Sustainability
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Why is to 'Total Allowable Catches' (TAC's) quota system effective?
Ensures that overfishing is a thing of the past by applying quotas to fishing fleets so that they do not overfish a certain species
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How many commercial fish in Europe, out of 33, are considered 'overfished'?
29
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How many fishermans livelyhoods are protected & how?
335,000 fishermans livelyhoods protected - by ensuring fair prices for produce and giving them access to a 4.3 billion (euro) fund for modernisation and reform purposes
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How does the CFP support developing nations and Europe?
The CFP makes deals with developing nations to take up the surplus catches that the developing nations do not use. (This process alone provided jobs for 40,000 EU Citizens and 3000 vessels)
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How many Harbour Purpoises (An unrelated animal to the fishing process) are caught accidently every year?
Roughly 7,000
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How many thousand tonnes of fish are wasted/dumped into the sea annually?
800,000 Tonnes
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Why do species such as Puffins witness decline in populations becasue of CFP?
Because there is less fish for them to catch, leading to less breeding due to a lower population
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What pressure group did the UK chef Hugh Fearnley Whittingstall create as a result of the fishing wastage crisis?
The 'Fish Fight' Campaign
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How was the 'Fish Fight' Campaign successful?
In 2015, as a result of the pressure, the CFP enitiated a pilot scheme in which selected vessels HAD to bring in all the fish they caught. It provided a great benefit to fisherman as it led to greater profits and sustainability (Fish wernt dumped)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the CAP trying to adress?

Back

To provide food security, and issue which became evident Post-WW2, and harmonise policies between diffrent European States and providing a common market for farmers to sell their produce and giving subsidies where needed, to support their way of life

Card 3

Front

How many food dishes and wines/spirits does the CAP officially protect?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why does they officially protect dishes and wines?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What percentage of farmers are being lost in Europe every year?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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