Caesar's Second Invasion to Britain

HideShow resource information
When...?
54 BC
1 of 19
Motivations...?
None are given.
2 of 19
Caesar learned...?
From his mistakes, and prepared better: boats with shallower hulls for landing; 2000 cavalry; 5 legions.
3 of 19
Ships...?
800; many were merchant ships he'd invited along. To have a more intimidating landing.
4 of 19
Strategy was more...?
Aggressive- marched inland after disembarkment.
5 of 19
Britons...?
Hid in a hillfort. Romans used superior tactics to fill in the ditch surrounding the fort- overran it.
6 of 19
During a storm...?
40 or 800 ships were wrecked. Caesar pulled them ashore; built landfort around them.
7 of 19
Britons united under...?
Cassivellaunus of Cautevellauni (most powerful tribe: still held supremacy in 43 AD).
8 of 19
Britons met the Romans...?
On a ford. Used chariots but were defeated, driven back towards Thames.
9 of 19
Britons adopted a...?
'Scorched earth' policy as they went to starve out the Romans.
10 of 19
Cassivellaunus dismissed...?
His infantry and retained 5000 chariots- harassed Caesar with guerrilla warfare.
11 of 19
Britons attempted...?
To make a stand at the Thames, but were scared away by Caesar's 'war elephant.'
12 of 19
British unity...?
Began to fall apart. Trinovantes, and allies: Cenimagni, Segontiaci, Ancalites, Bibroci and Cassi went to Romans.
13 of 19
Trinovantes told...?
Caesar where Cassivellaunus' stronnghold was. Romans gathered around it.
14 of 19
Cassivellaunus...?
Tried to attack, but failed and surrendered.
15 of 19
Gaul...?
Was rebelling again, so Caesar had to leave.
16 of 19
Caesar was therefore...?
Lenient with Cassivellaunus- warned him not to harm Mandubracius of Trinovantes.
17 of 19
Caesar took...?
Hostages, but no booty (Cicero's letters).
18 of 19
Tacitus said...?
Caesar merely "pointed out, rather than bequeathed, Britain to Rome."
19 of 19

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Motivations...?

Back

None are given.

Card 3

Front

Caesar learned...?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Ships...?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Strategy was more...?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Ancient History resources:

See all Ancient History resources »See all Roman Britain resources »