C2: Structure and Bonding

Keywords

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Atom
The smallest part of an element, made up of sub particles: protons, neutrons and electrons.
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Covalent Bonding
The attraction/ bond between two atoms (2 non- metals) that share some electrons.
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Compound
A chemical substance made from two or more elements that are chemically bonded together.
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Delocalised elettrons
Electrons that are free to move as they are not attached to any particular atom.
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Dot and cross diagrams
A drawing to show the arrangement of the outer shell electrons in atoms or ions of a substance.
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Electron
A negatively charged electron which orbits the nucleus.
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Electronic structure
A set of numbers to show the arrangement of electrons in their outer shell.
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Elements
A chemical substance made up of 1 type of atom. (cant be broken down to any simpler form)
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Giant Lattice/ Structure
A huge 3-D network of atoms or ions held together by forces of attraction.
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Giant ionic Lattice
A solid structure of regularly arranged positive and negative ions in rows and layers, held together by strong ionic bonds.
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Giant covalent structure
A solid structure of regularly arranged covalently bonded atoms in either an element or compound.
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Ion
A charged particle produced by the loss or gain of electrons.
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Ionic bonding
A bond formed by the electrostatic force of attraction between positively charge metal ion(s) and negatively charged non-metal ion(s).
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Neutron
A dense particle found in the nucleus with no charge.
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Proton
A tiny positively charged particle found in the nucleus.
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Simple molecules
A chemical substance which two or more atoms are held together by a covalent bond.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The attraction/ bond between two atoms (2 non- metals) that share some electrons.

Back

Covalent Bonding

Card 3

Front

A chemical substance made from two or more elements that are chemically bonded together.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Electrons that are free to move as they are not attached to any particular atom.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A drawing to show the arrangement of the outer shell electrons in atoms or ions of a substance.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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