C2 Acids Bases Salts

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What is an acid?
A substance that contains H+ ions
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What is the difference between strong and weak acids?
Strong acids fully dissociate, weak acids only partially dissociate
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What is a salt?
Compounds made from acids, metals and metal compounds
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What is a base?
A compound that reacts with an acid to form a salt and water only
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What is an alkali?
A soluble base
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Neutralization Equation
OH-(aq) + H+(aq) --> H2O(l)
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First way of making salts
Acid + Metal --> Salt + Hydrogen
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Second way of making salts (titration)
Acid + Base --> Salt + Water
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Third way of making salts
Acid + Carbonate --> Salt+Water+Carbon Dioxide
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What happens when an acid is added to water?
It releases its H+ ions
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What are the three types of salts?
Chloride (produced from HCl Acid), Sulfates (Sulfuric Acid), Nitrates (Nitric Acid)
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Making Fertiliser
HNO3+NH4OH-->NH4NO3+H2O
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Strong acids fully dissociate, weak acids only partially dissociate

Back

What is the difference between strong and weak acids?

Card 3

Front

Compounds made from acids, metals and metal compounds

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A compound that reacts with an acid to form a salt and water only

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A soluble base

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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