C1 Topic 2: Rocks

HideShow resource information
What are the three different types of rocks?
Igneous, Sedimentary and Metamorphic
1 of 22
How are igneous rocks formed?
Magma
2 of 22
What is meant when igneous rock is instrusive?
It cools inside the Earth; it cools slowly
3 of 22
What is the result of instrusive rocks?
Big crystals
4 of 22
What is meant by igneous rock is exstrusive?
Cools on the surface; it cools quickly
5 of 22
What is the result of exstrusive rocks?
Small crystals
6 of 22
What are examples of igneous rock?
Granite and Basalt
7 of 22
How is sedimentary rocks formed?
Compacted layers of rock
8 of 22
What can be found within sedimentary rocks?
Fossils
9 of 22
What are examples of sedimentary rocks?
Limestone and Chalk
10 of 22
How are metamorphic rocks formed?
Heat and pressure
11 of 22
What are examples of metamorphic rocks?
Marble and Shale
12 of 22
What is Limestone?
Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3)
13 of 22
What is Limestone used for?
Building, glass and toothpaste
14 of 22
What are advantages of quarrying?
Offers jobs, better roads and improves local economy
15 of 22
What are disadvantages of quarrying?
Loud, visual pollution, destroys habitats and causes traffic
16 of 22
What is thermal decomposition?
Breaking down using heat
17 of 22
What is the product of Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) after thermal decomposition?
Carbon Dioxide + Calcium Oxide (CO2 + CaO)
18 of 22
What is the test to show carbon dioxide?
Limewater goes cloudy
19 of 22
What is the product when Calcium Oxide (CaO) + Water (H2O) react?
Calcium Hydroxide Ca(OH)2
20 of 22
What is the use of Calcium Hydroxide?
Neutralises acidic soil
21 of 22
What is added to Calcium Hydroxide to make limewater?
Water
22 of 22

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How are igneous rocks formed?

Back

Magma

Card 3

Front

What is meant when igneous rock is instrusive?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the result of instrusive rocks?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is meant by igneous rock is exstrusive?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Chemistry resources:

See all Chemistry resources »See all Rocks, ores, metals and alloys resources »