Procedures

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  • Created by: d
  • Created on: 04-06-13 17:45
Buss
1
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Sample?
37 samples from 33 countries , Over 10000 participants
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lowest sample
55-iran
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Largest sample
around 1500 -USA
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Sample techniques
2
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Systematic Sampling
Venezuela
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Newspaper article
West Germany
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Opportunity
Estonia
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Method
Questionnaire
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Apparatus
Questionnaires and Rating Scales e.g 4 point rating scale 3 - 0
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rating
rating- participants used a 4 point scale ( 0 being unimportant 3 being indispensable)
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chacteristics
18 characteristics rated including: financial prospects,good looks, chastity, ambition and industriousness
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scale
rate 13 characteristic from 1 to 13 in order of desirability
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Translators used
3 used.
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Milgram
obesdience
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Sample
40 men
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technique
newspaper , volunteer
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method
lab experiment
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Apparatus
shock machine
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info
15 to 450 volts
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choosing
peice of paper, both had teacher
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questions
for every wrong answer a shock was to be given
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Prods
it is essential you continue
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After 300
no response
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Venue
Yale University
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what was they told the study was about
participants were informed the study was on memory
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Asch
conformity
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Sample
123 male undergraduates
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What were they told the test was on
Vision
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Setting
Classroom
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Set out
1 naive participant in a group of 6-8
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confederates
All other participants were confederates
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Participant was always seated
Second to last
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Cards
2 cards, 1 with one line , another with 3
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What did they have to do
match the correct lines
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How many wrong answers
12/18
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Bennet Levy
fear
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Grouping (2 Groups)
Group 1- 64 participants 34f 30m
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Sample technique
Random from british health centre
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group 2
49 participants 25f 24m
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measure of fear of how many animals
29 harmless animals
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group one -fear scale
1-3 not afraid to very afraid
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nearness scale
1-enjoy picking up , to 5- not be within 6 feet
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Group 2
ugly, slimy, speedy 1-3 ( not to very)
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Loftus and Palmer
EWT
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Sample
45 Students
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Films
7 film clips of accidents
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question asked
how fast were the cars going when they ________ each other
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words used
hit, smashed, collided, bumped, contacted
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sample
150 students
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group 1
smashed
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group 2
hit
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group 3
control group
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Part 2
on week later , they were asked if they saw broken class
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Langer and rodin
Old people
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Venue
study was in a top rated nursing home in Connecticut
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Sample
two floors were selected
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Similarity
similar conditions (psychological and physiological health
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One of the floors
was the control group
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Conditions
They were told when film night was, had someone else look after their plant and were told complaints would be handled by staff
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RIG resposibility induced group
they were allowed to choose film night, looked after their own plant and had a input on how the nursing home was run
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Questionnaire
one completed by a research collaborator
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Another
By 2 nurses (one day one night)
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Unawareness
Both were unaware of the hypothesis
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Rosenhan
sane in insane places
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Sample
8 psuedo patients
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Occupations
painter , 3 psychologists, house wife,
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Study 1
they attempted to gain admission to 12 hospitals In 5 states
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words used
empty hollow thud
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Apart from that
participant told the truth about all experiences
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once admitted
psuedo-patients acted normal
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covert observatio
they reported their experiences
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they had no idea
How long they would be staying
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Study 2
A hospital said that this could not happern to their hospital
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Rosenhan retaliated by saying he would...?
he would send some pseudo patient ( he sent none)
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Study 3
Staff responses recorded at 4 hospitals
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Questions
Only one question a day
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Rahe
stress
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Sample
2664 navy and marine personnel
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Average age
22
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First
participants were required by the military to fill in their version of the SRE which documented significant life changes
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How often ?
each participant completed the SRE every 6 months over a two year period
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LCU (life change units)
each life change was given life change units that reflects the severity of the event experienced
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Medical records
A research physician went aboard and looked at medical record
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Even minor health issues..
were recorded
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Double blind
neither participants or medical staff were aware of the experimental hypothesis
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Card 2

Front

Sample?

Back

37 samples from 33 countries , Over 10000 participants

Card 3

Front

lowest sample

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Largest sample

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Sample techniques

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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