Business formulas

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Labour Productivity=
Output per period/ Number of employees per period
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Unit Cost=
Total cost/ Units of output
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Capacity Utilisation=
Actual output per annum (month)/ Maximum possible output per annum (month)
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Maximum capacity/ current capacity level=
Maximum sales revenue/ current sales revenue
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Return on investment (%)=
Return on investment/cost of the investment X100
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Return on investment=
financial gains of the investment- costs of the investment
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Dents as a proportion of long term funding=
Debts/ long term funding X100
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Total contribution of a product=
Contribution per unit x number of units sold
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Total Contribution of a product=
sales revenue-total variable costs
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Break Even output=
fixed costs/ contribution
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Profit=
total revenue-total cost
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Target profit output=
fixedcost+target profit/ contribution per unit
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Gross profit margin (%)=
Gross profit/ sales revenue (turnover) X100
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Operating profit margin(%)=
operating profit/ sales revenue (turnover) X100
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Profit for year margin (%)=
Profit for year/sales revenue (turnpver) X100
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Labour Turnover=
Number of employees leaving over a given period/ Average number of employees ove a given period X100
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Retention rates=
Number of employees with one or more years' service/ Overall workforce numbers X100
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Labour Cost per unit=
Total labour costs/ Total units of output
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Employee costs as a percentage of turnover=
Employee costs/ sales turnover X100
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Punctuality (%)=
deliveries on time/ total deliveries X100
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Income elasticityof demand=
% change in quantity demanded/ % change in income X100
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Price elasticity of demand=
% change in quantity demanded/ % change in price
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Sales growth (%)=
Sales in that year-sales in the previous year/ sales in the previous year X100
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Market share=
sales of one product or brand or company/ total sales in the market X100
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Market growth (%)=
Market size in a year-Market size in a previous year/ Market size in a previous year X100
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Value=
volume x average price
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Total revenue=
PriceX quantity sold
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Total cost/ Units of output

Back

Unit Cost=

Card 3

Front

Actual output per annum (month)/ Maximum possible output per annum (month)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Maximum sales revenue/ current sales revenue

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Return on investment/cost of the investment X100

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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