Buddhism - keywords and basics

  • Created by: LilyF24
  • Created on: 15-06-19 13:24
What are the three marks?
Dukkha, Anicca and Anatta
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What is Anatta?
No self. The teaching that we have no permanent identity and are a stream of processes.
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What is Anicca?
Anicca (Anitya) Impermanence. The teaching everything is constantly changing.
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What is Dukkha?
Unsatisfactoriness or suffering.It is an inescapable aspect of life
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What is Asceticism?
A religious practice of self-denial and even inflicting pain on oneself.
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What is a Bhikkhu?
A buddhist monk
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What is a Bhikkhuni?
A Buddhist nun [ordained female monk]
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What is Bodhi?
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What is the Bodhi tree?
The type of tree under which the Buddha was said to have become enlightened
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What is a Bodhisattva?
A person who will become a Buddha in the future and also puts off ultimate enlightenment until all other beings are saved
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Who is Buddha?
The Buddha, Gautama, sometimes referred to as 'The Historical Buddha', the founder of Buddhism also represents the ideal of enlightenment. m.
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What is Dharma?
The teaching of the Buddha
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What is Dualism in terms of buddhism?
Philosophical view that there are two distinct realities: in Buddhism this means the realities of Nirvana and Samsara.
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What is the eightfold path?
8 divisions to follow to achieve spiritual enlightenment and cease suffering
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What are the five precepts?
Ethical vow taken by lay Buddhists to avoid harming living beings, taking the not-given, misusing the senses, telling lies, and intoxicating oneself.
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What does Karuna mean?
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What is the lotus flower and what does it represent?
A plant which grows in water (like a water-lily) which became spiritual symbol of purity because, although its roots grow in the mud, its beautiful flowers grow clear of the water.
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What is the lotus sutra?
Important Mahayana text, showing the differences between Mahayana and Theravada approaches
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What is Mahayana Buddhism?
Great new movement of re-interpretation of the Buddha's teachings which began in India about 500 years after the Buddha
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Where did Mahayana buddhism spread to?
China, Tibet, Mongolia, Japan, Korea and Vietnam. Sometimes called Northern Buddhism because of this
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What is a mantra?
A sequence of powerful words, each having a deep meaning in itself but not usually forming a coherent sentence, which are recited as a meditation practice. The sound of the words is said to have spiritual qualities which purify the mind.
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What is meditation?
Practice found in Buddhism and other religions, consisting of some kind of systematic mental exercise to change and improve habitual mental states.
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What is mindfulness?
Continual undistracted awareness: a quality to be developed in meditation and one’s whole life.
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What is Monasticism?
Practice of having monks and/or nuns living in monasteries apart from the rest of society
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What is Nibbana/Nirvana?
Nirvana is not a place or an after-death state but a fully awakened state of mind. As a principle, nirvana is distinguished from its opposite, Samsara.
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What are the noble truths?
his is (1) Dukkha, (2) The Arising of Dukkha, (3) The Cessation of Dukkha (which is nirvana), The Path leading to the Cessation of Dukkha.
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What is Pali?
The language in which the Theravada Buddhist texts were written. Pali is derived from Sanskrit, and is similar to the language spoken by ordinary people in the Buddha's time.
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What is a Parable?
Story which has a spiritual interpretation, used to convey a teaching.
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What is a paradox?
Statement which at first appears contradictory, but points towards a deeper truth.
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What is polytheism?
Belief in many gods
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What is rebirth?
Traditional Buddhist belief that the process of karma associated with one individual goes on to be associated with a new individual after death.
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What are the three jewels?
the ideals of Buddha, Dharma and Sangha
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What is Samatha?
Type of meditation which aims to calm and concentrate the mind in preparation for Vipassana practice
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What is samsara?
Samsara The unenlightened state and the cyclic processes in the universe which perpetuate it. The opposite of nirvana.
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What is the sangha?
The spiritual community, united in friendship and commitment to Buddhism.
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What is theravada buddhism?
The earliest school of Buddhism which has maintained a fixed body of doctrines since the time of the Buddha and is still the dominant form of Buddhism in Burma, Thailand, Cambodia and Sri Lanka.
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What is the tibetan Book of the dead?
A text which should be recited into the ear of a dying or newly-dead person, containing instructions as to how to avoid further rebirth and take this opportunity to gain nirvana.
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What is Vipissanna?
Type of meditation intended to cultivate wisdom, usually based on the contemplation of a word, phrase or image and involving systematic thought about its implications.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What is Anatta?


No self. The teaching that we have no permanent identity and are a stream of processes.

Card 3


What is Anicca?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What is Dukkha?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What is Asceticism?


Preview of the front of card 5
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