Buddhism Definitions

  • Created by: sshore233
  • Created on: 03-04-18 11:22
Dharma...
Practicing 'Dharma' means following the teachings of the Buddha.
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Anitya...
All things are constantly changing - nothing is fixed.
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Anatman is...
'No permanent identity' or everyone changes.
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Dukkha is...
Suffering
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The Four Noble Truths are...
1: All life involves suffering. 2: The cause of suffering is Craving. 3: The way to overcome Dukkha is to overcome Tanha. 4: The way to overcome Tanha is living the Middle Way.
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Tanha is...
Craving
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The Eightfold Path consists of...
Right... Concentration, Mindfulness, Effort, Understanding, Thought, Speech, Action, Livelihood.
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Right Concentration is...
Training the mind through Meditation.
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Right Mindfulness is...
Having a precise thing at the forefront of your mind.
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Right Effort is...
Putting in effort to train the mind in putting aside negative thoughts.
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Right Understanding is...
Following the Buddhist way of life to understand life better.
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Right Thought is...
What motivates Buddhists to follow their path.
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Right Speech is...
Not talking about others in a hurtful way; like gossiping or lying.
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Right Action is...
The Buddhist 'guidelines'; Don't destroy life, Don't steal, Don't misuse sex, Don't lie and Don't take drugs/alcohol.
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Right Livelihood is...
A Buddhist's work must not harm/benefit others.
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The Three Marks of Existence are...
Anitya, Dukkha and Anatman.
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Nirvana is...
Extinguishing the 'fires' of Greed, Hatred and Ignorance.
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A Bodhisattva does not...
seek Enlightenment to free themselves from suffering, but seek comfort out of compassion.
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An Arahant is...
Someone who has reached enlightenment and will not be reborn.
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Dana is...
Generosity: Giving to charity, Buying food for Homeless people.
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Sila is...
Morality: Understanding what is right/wrong, Understanding consequences.
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Virya is...
Energy: Showing love for someone instead of just saying it.
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Kshanti is...
Patience: Giving people chances, Biting your tongue.
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Samadhi is...
Meditation: Taking time to appreciate life and be grateful for it.
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Prajna is...
Wisdom: Having a deep, intellect view on life, including people and their interactions.
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Samatha meditation...
Calms and Concentrates the mind. It prepares for Vipassana meditation.
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Puja is...
Worship
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The 3 Stages of Puja are...
1: Looking Inwards.(looking at your qualities) 2:Development.(develop these qualities to make them stronger) 3:Extension.(learning how to use this skills to help people)
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A Sutra is...
Rhythmic chanting of direct teachings from the Buddha.
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A Mantra is...
Type of meditation; A short set of syllables repeated to have transformative powers.
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A Dharani is...
A longer version of a Mantra to change the chanters state of mind.
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A Gatha is...
A short-verse chant focusing on the actual words as opposed to the sound.
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What is meditation?
The physical and mental practice that calms the mind.
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Advantages of Meditation
1: Achieve zen, calm the mind and become peaceful. 2:Makes you satisfied which improves your relationships.
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Disadvantages of Meditation
1: Might block out problems you need to deal with. 2: Too focused on your mind, not actually helping people. 3: Hard to be a meditator in the UK
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What impact does Samatha meditation have on a Buddhists life?
It keeps them calm, small problems are not an issue, manage distractions, focus on what's important, see the world for what it is.
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What impact does Vipassana meditation have on a Buddhists life?
Truly understand Dukkha, Lead a more satisfying lifestyle, Understand Buddhist qualities.
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Buddha means...
'Awakened One' , someone who has achieved enlightenment.
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Lakshanas means...
'Marks' , every living thing has 3 marks/properties.
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Marga is...
The Noble Eightfold Path
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Nirvana means...
'Enlightened' , a fully awakened state of mind.
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Pranja means...
Wisdom.
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Samadhi means...
Meditation.
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Samudaya means...
The causes of Dukkha.
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Sila is...
The practice of morality.
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The Three Poisons are...
Trshna (desire), Hatred and Ignorance.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

All things are constantly changing - nothing is fixed.

Back

Anitya...

Card 3

Front

'No permanent identity' or everyone changes.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Suffering

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1: All life involves suffering. 2: The cause of suffering is Craving. 3: The way to overcome Dukkha is to overcome Tanha. 4: The way to overcome Tanha is living the Middle Way.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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