Brown et al (clinical/depression)

HideShow resource information
Aims
to see if having crisis support and self esteem affect someone's susceptibility to depression. also to see if having support from a husband or partner reduces your risk to depression.
1 of 12
Number of participants
435 women gathered and 91% of this sample was used
2 of 12
Conditions for participants
between the ages of 18 and 50 with a child under age of 18 living at home and a husband in a manual occupation. simple mothers were also included as they are susceptible to depression.
3 of 12
What was the actual procedure?
they were all interviewed by trained interviewers and asked questions about their psychiatric history and self esteem and support systems.
4 of 12
What happened a year later?
they were interviewed again and asked the same things but also about the onset on any psychiatric illness and info about any life event stresses. inter-rater reliability of random checks on analysis of interviews.
5 of 12
what were the results?
1.29/32 who developed depression had a provoking life event. 33% of the depressed women had negative evaluation of the self. of these women, 44% had no support from husband or crisis (professional)
6 of 12
what were the conclusions?
1. a provoking life event is seemed necessary for depression to develop. 2.in general, those who had a husband were less likely to develop depression. 3.self esteem is implicated in causing a depression when there is also a provoking life event
7 of 12
generalisability
very specific sample but large; cannot generalise to men, for example, as they made need support less
8 of 12
reliability
inter-rater reliability done on random interviews and was found to be good
9 of 12
applicability
understanding the causes of depression and using this to improve treatments or to set about preventing it
10 of 12
validity
may be social desirable responses to interview questions e.g. want to make it look like they were getting more support from their husbands than they were.
11 of 12
ethics
competency of the interviewers as they were all trained. consent and right to withdraw.
12 of 12

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Number of participants

Back

435 women gathered and 91% of this sample was used

Card 3

Front

Conditions for participants

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the actual procedure?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happened a year later?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Health and clinical psychology resources »