Brown et al (clinical/depression)

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to see if having crisis support and self esteem affect someone's susceptibility to depression. also to see if having support from a husband or partner reduces your risk to depression.
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Number of participants
435 women gathered and 91% of this sample was used
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Conditions for participants
between the ages of 18 and 50 with a child under age of 18 living at home and a husband in a manual occupation. simple mothers were also included as they are susceptible to depression.
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What was the actual procedure?
they were all interviewed by trained interviewers and asked questions about their psychiatric history and self esteem and support systems.
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What happened a year later?
they were interviewed again and asked the same things but also about the onset on any psychiatric illness and info about any life event stresses. inter-rater reliability of random checks on analysis of interviews.
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what were the results?
1.29/32 who developed depression had a provoking life event. 33% of the depressed women had negative evaluation of the self. of these women, 44% had no support from husband or crisis (professional)
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what were the conclusions?
1. a provoking life event is seemed necessary for depression to develop. general, those who had a husband were less likely to develop depression. 3.self esteem is implicated in causing a depression when there is also a provoking life event
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very specific sample but large; cannot generalise to men, for example, as they made need support less
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inter-rater reliability done on random interviews and was found to be good
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understanding the causes of depression and using this to improve treatments or to set about preventing it
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may be social desirable responses to interview questions e.g. want to make it look like they were getting more support from their husbands than they were.
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competency of the interviewers as they were all trained. consent and right to withdraw.
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Number of participants


435 women gathered and 91% of this sample was used

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Conditions for participants


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What was the actual procedure?


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What happened a year later?


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