British History Key Terms

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MEANS TEST
A gov test to find out whether a person is eligible for benefits.
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NATIONALISATION
State ownership/control of industry/services such as coal, electricity and railways.
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NONCONFORMISTS
Members of a Church independent of Anglican/Catholic church.
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OMS
Organisation for the Maintenance of Supplies - set up by Baldwin to train people to take over jobs of strikers to undermine effects of the General Strike.
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PACIFIST
Someone who opposes war and violence.
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PERMISSIVE
Local authorities could choose to implement Act or not.
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POLITICAL LEVY
Part of a trade unionist's memberships subscription which is paid automatically to the Labour Party.
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POOR LAW
System of social security in Britain until the establishment of the welfare state.
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POPULAR FRONT
A grouping of all left-wing parties working together to combat Fascism.
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PROTECTIONISM
Imposing duties/tariffs on imported goods in order to protect domestic industries from foreign competition.
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RADICALISM
An act of rejecting the present situation and demanding major change.
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RATES
A tax on property used to fund local gov changes in politics, economy or society.
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REFLATION
Act of gov to end a depression which usually involves increase gov borrowing/public spending.
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SAMUEL COMMISSION
Set up by Baldwin to look into the problems of the mining industry.
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SECULAR
Not concerned with spiritual/religious matters.
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SINN FEIN
Dominant party of Irish Nationalism. 1917; committed to establishment of an Irish Republic.
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STAPLE INDUSTRIES
Britain's heavy industries - coal, iron, steel, shipbuilding, textiles and heavy engineering - on whose exports the British economy depended.
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STERLING
The British currency.
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STRUCTURAL UNEMPLOYMENT
More permanent unemployment caused by underlying changes in the economy - caused by the decline of staple industries.
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SUBSISTENCE LEVEL
A standard of living which is barely adequate. To live below this level is to live in poverty.
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SYNDICALISM
A movement that advocates direct industrial action to overthrow Capitalism.
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TARIFFS
A tax/customs duty imposed by gov to protect domestic industries/business from foreign competition/to raise money.
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THRIFT
The principle of limited gov spending.
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TOTAL WAR
A war in which all available resources are mobilised for the war.
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TRADE DISPUTES ACT - 1927
An act that made sympathetic strikes illegal.
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TUC
The central organisation representing Britain's trade unions. Established in 1868.
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ULSTER
One of the four provinces of Ireland, located in the North, that is mostly Protestant. Northern Ireland referred to as an 'Ulster'.
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WANT
A term used to describe extreme poverty.
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WELFARE STATE
A social system where the gov takes responsibility for ensuring all of it's citizens are provided with good public services and are adequately provided for in times of need.
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WILLIAM BEVERIDGE
1942 Beveridge Report provided the basis for the creation of the Welfare State by the 1945-1951 Labour gov.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

State ownership/control of industry/services such as coal, electricity and railways.

Back

NATIONALISATION

Card 3

Front

Members of a Church independent of Anglican/Catholic church.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Organisation for the Maintenance of Supplies - set up by Baldwin to train people to take over jobs of strikers to undermine effects of the General Strike.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Someone who opposes war and violence.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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