British Empire and India - Key notes 1883-1947

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Which bill was introduced in 1883?
The Illbert Bill
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What was the Illbert Bill?
This legislation allowed Indians to trial white Britons in courts.
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Why was the Illbert Bill introduced?
Because of the increasing numbers of Indians entering the legal profession, which made them just as qualified as any other Briton
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What was formed in 1885?
Indian National Congress.
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When was the Indian Council's Act introduced?
1892
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What was the Indian Council Act?
This increased the number of Indians on local councils.
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When did Curzon become Viceroy?
1899
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Two objectives Curzon wanted to achieve?
1) To make India's territory less vulnerable to external threats & 2) To make the British administration of India more effective and more respected THEREFORE, less vulnerable to criticism and political threats.
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When did the Partition of Bengal occur?
1905
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What was a reason for the split?
To make Bengal less vulnerable to famine and more manageable.
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What could the Partition of Bengal be an example of?
Britain's secret policy of divide and rule
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When did Curzon resign as Viceroy?
1905 (after the Partition of Bengal)
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When did the Simla Delegation take place?`
October 1906
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Why did the Simla Delegation take place?
Muslims were convinced (after the Hindu's fury over the creation of a Muslim majority) that they would be overwhelmed by the general Hindu majority.
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What was the Simla Delegation?
70 Muslim leaders travelled to Simla to present their plan for separate electorates for Muslims in any future political reforms.
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1907: What happened in Surat?
There was a split between the moderates and the extremists.
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When was the All India Muslim League created?
1906
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Why was it created?
The leader of the Simla delegation urged the creation of a political organisation to keep up the momentum of the campaign.
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What are the Morley Minto Reforms known as?
Indian Councils Act
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When did the Morley Minto reforms become law?
1909
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What did this Act do?
Allowed Indians to elect representatives to the councils.
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What was the reaction to the Act?
Congress, who had publicly supported the act, protested and the Muslims who initially complained,were satisified because council seats had been reserved for them.
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When was Bengal reunited?
1911.
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What became clear to Indians during the Great War? (1914-1918)
Britain was no longer the supreme global power (if Britain were defeated, Russia would take over administration of India!) and the war would have weakened Britain's power (creating more favourable conditions for the nationalist movement?)
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What was formed in 1916?
Home Rule Leagues?
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What were the home rule leagues based on?
Based on the campaigns for home rule in Ireland in the late 19th century.
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Who led the home rule leagues?
Ejected Congress radical called Tilak and a British woman called Mrs Annie Besant
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What would home rule involve?
Management of internal Indian affairs.
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What would remain for the British government?
Defence and foreign policies.
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When did the Montagu Declaration happen?
August 1917
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What was the Montagu Declaration?
Britain promising that there would be an eventual self-government.
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What Pact was introduced in 1916?
The Lucknow Pact.
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Who was involved in the Lucknow Pact?
Congress and the Muslim League.
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What was the Lucknow Pact?
An agreement between Congress and the Muslim about the details of future electorates and a broad statement about the political objectives, once India was self-governing.
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What did both Congress and the Muslim League declare in 1915?
Both declared that self-government was their political objective.
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What year was the Rowlatt Act introduced?
1919
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When did the Amritsar Massacre happen?
1919
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What happened?
General Dyer opened fire on the crowd and killed 379 people and wounded 1,200 until his ammunition ran out.
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What was the Rowlatt Act?
Allowed unlimited detention without trial, trial without jurty and the use of evidence illegal in peacetime.
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Card 2

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What was the Illbert Bill?

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This legislation allowed Indians to trial white Britons in courts.

Card 3

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Why was the Illbert Bill introduced?

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Card 4

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What was formed in 1885?

Back

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Card 5

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When was the Indian Council's Act introduced?

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