britain 1906-1914

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  • Created by: Jaderose
  • Created on: 10-04-14 16:38
what were the main factors weakening the conservative?
Boer war, offending non conformists, Chinese labour, taff vale case, neglect of social reform , their leadership
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give an example why Boer war was an negative to the conservative
the concentration camps they kept women and children in Britain was outraged, British troops malnourished
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why did the 1902 education annoy nonconformist?
their taxes might be spent on schools that they objected (eg catholic schools)
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what did non conformist do about the education act?
refused to pay taxes, Lloyd George organised an campaigned persuaded them to vote liberal
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why did nonconformists not like the 1904 licensing act?
it compensated brewers and publicans for giving up their licenses
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why was it bad for conservatives to loose nonconformists votes
many came over from liberal side after home rule but they were the people that swung the votes in certain constituencies like in wales
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who had a problem with the chinese labour issue and why?
nonconformists and trade unionist because it was a moral outcry and trade unionist were worried they would be imported to Britain and they would lower wages and take jobs
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why did the taff vale case weaken conservative?
they failed to get involved, house of lords sided with company rather than trade union only parliament could overule it and they didn't get involved
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what made people aware that we needed social reform?
the boer war made people aware about how many people were malnourished as many people couldn't go to war
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what was tariff reform why didn't people like it
tariff reform was that we put a higher tariff in for food imported not form the empire than for the empire people thought they would have to pay more for food and living standards would go down
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what was wrong with balfour?
not very political, indesisive especially when it came to tariff reform not sensitive to public opinion e.g Boer war, Chinese labour
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what were the attractions to the liberal party?
won support of nonconformists- exploited cons over education act and licensing and welsh disestablishment, Irish supported them due to homerule,
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What was the lib lab pact?
when either a liberal or labour candidate when forward in a constituency in order to gain more votes
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what was new liberalism
they belived in freedom from evils such as insecurities, poverty, low wages, state intervention for the people that needed it most but still believed in seld
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what the results of booth and rowntrees survey?
30% of people were poor 10% of that were very poor 1/4 of the population lived on or below the bare minimum
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why was having good national efficiency so important?
needed it if we were to continue as a great power
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why were so many people poor?
the population had trebled during the 19th cenntury, many factor beyond their control such as sickness, old age, low wages, irregular work, unemployment and premature death of the main wage earner
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what act was introduced in 1906 what was its strengths/ weakness's?
education act free school meals hungry children could eat 14m given a year but it wasnt compulsory 1913 only half LEA's were providing free meals
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what act was introduced in 1907 what was its strengths/ weakness's?
education act- medical inspection. 3/4 used it 2/3 some form of medical treatment but only a small check up and not always treatment many poor people couldnt afford the treatment if their child had a problem
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what act was introduced in 1908 what was its strengths/ weakness's?
old age pensions people over 70 5s (single person) 7s 6D for couple. non contributory people werent too ashamed to get it but only to elderly poor on a very low incone had a be a good character (worked regularly not been in prison)
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what acts were introduced in 1909 what were its strengths/ weakness's?
trade boards minumum wage/ conditions only covered the sweated trades not rigorous and labour exchanges 2m workers registered by 1914 only helped market more smoothly
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what acts waere introduced in 1911 what were its strengths/ weakness's?
the national insurance acts (sickness and unemployed) unemployment: covered 2.25m 7s for 15 weeks only applied to certain trades. sickness 13m covered for 6 months only 16-60
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from 1906-11 what were the other acts
workmens compensation (1906) not always easy to prove injuries, merchant shipping improved food and accommodation, shops act and coal mines act 1908/11 8 hour days improved safety
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what was left untouched/neglected in social reforms?
housing it was still in short supply, the poor law untouched, education children left at 13, areas in poverty large families
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when were the two elections during 1909-11 and what for?
1910 for the peoples budget and 1911 parliament act
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why was there a constitution crisis?
because the house of lords were very heavily conservative and veetoed a lot of acts due to the fact the house of commons were very heavily liberal
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why was a budget needed for in 1910 and how much?
to provide the new social services and naval ships Lloyd George needed 15 million
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what did L.G's budget propose?
increase in tax of 1s 2d on income over 3,000, super tax on income over 5,000, new land taxes and indirect taxes on luxury jobs such as cars, petrol, tobacco and alcohol
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why else did lloyd george make this budget
to prove the working class didnt need to vote lab for radical changes, punish cons and to provoke the conservative lords example the land tax would effect cons but wouldn't bring in a lot of money
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what was the result of the 1910 election and what was the outcome?
275 to the liberals and 273 to cons libs relied on Ireland therefore majority sided with the budget and it was passed
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what were the aims of the parliament act?
house of lords could not amend/reject money bills, could not delay a bill for more than 2 years and general elections would be held every 5 years instead of 7 years
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what was Asquith's solution to try and pass the parliament bill but what happened?
to ask the king (edward VII) who had the power to create peers and therefore make enough liberal peers to outvote cons but edward died in suddenly the new king George wanted them to agree a solution but instead settled for another election
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what was the results from 1911 election?
libs and cons got 272 seats each but libs gained the majority from lab and irish nationalists
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how did the parliament act resolve
enough rats liberal/cons outvoted the diehards to 131 votes to 114 therefore no extra liberals had to be added and it was now law
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what was irish home rule?
to give Ireland there own parliament to give them power to make laws on Irish matters but British parliament would control foreign policy, defence, trade, pensions and national insurance
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who did the conservatives support and why
ulster unionists because they were against home rule together ulster were mainly protestant and were threatened by the heavy catholic dominated country
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why was ulster economically not for home rule
only industrial part of Ireland shipbuilding and textiles did not want to loose their wealth more in common with glasgow and liverpool than Dublin did not want to be heavily taxed to help poor
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who was Edward Carson?
was lawyer and leader of ulster unionist and drew up the ulster covenant began to get an army
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what did the ulster unionists do in 1914?
smuggled 3,000 refles and 3 million rounds of amunition
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what happened at 'curragh mutiny'?
57 british officers based in curragh risigned rather than fight again the ulster unionists
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what was the irish nationalists response to the ulster unionists?
they found out and they smuggled in rifles and ammunition (fear of civil war)
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what happened in the autumn of 1914?
homerule bill just about to made but fear of civil war but the war came and the problem was shelved avoided civil war
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Card 2


give an example why Boer war was an negative to the conservative


the concentration camps they kept women and children in Britain was outraged, British troops malnourished

Card 3


why did the 1902 education annoy nonconformist?


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Card 4


what did non conformist do about the education act?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


why did nonconformists not like the 1904 licensing act?


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