Britain 1900-1945

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Black Market
Illegal trading of shortage items at high prices
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Blackout
A system to ensure no lights from houses, street lamps, etc. showed at night, so that bombers had no help in finding targets
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Blitz
The bombing of London and other British cities, 1940-1941
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Conscientious Objectors
A manor woman whose principles are opposed to fighting in the war or helping with the war effort
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Conscription
Compulsory military service - failure to report for duty was a criminal offence
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General Strike
A national strike in which all unions and workers in a country go on strike
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National Government
The name of the coalition government formed in 1931, by the Labour Prime Minister, Ramsay MacDonald - it soon became dominated by the conservatives
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Nationalisation
A form of social ownership of industry, banks etc. in which the government takes over and runs the relevant parts of the economy
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New Liberalism
Ideas in the early twentieth century about social welfare reforms and the formation of a welfare state - influenced by the reports about poverty in Britain by Booth, Rowntree and Beveridge, and by the social welfare system in Germany
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Scramble For Africa
Britain, France, Germany and other European countries raced to colonise Africa to increase their empires
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Staple Industries
The "old" established industries in Britain (for example coal, engineering and textiles)
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Triple Industrial Alliance
Formed by the three biggest trade unions (miners, transport workers and railwaymen) in 1913 against what was seen as a joint campaign by employers and the state to defeat legal strikes
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Welfare State
A system by which the government helps provide health care, social security and education for all its citizens, financed by contributions and taxation - with the wealthy contributing to the welfare of the less well-off
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A system to ensure no lights from houses, street lamps, etc. showed at night, so that bombers had no help in finding targets

Back

Blackout

Card 3

Front

The bombing of London and other British cities, 1940-1941

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A manor woman whose principles are opposed to fighting in the war or helping with the war effort

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Compulsory military service - failure to report for duty was a criminal offence

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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