Britain 1815-51

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who was Robert Owen?
was a cotton factory owner, no children under 10 allowed to work, gave good housing to his workers
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what were some arguments for reform in mines and factories?
bad for women and children, long term health problems, no education, fear of worker revolution
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what were some arguments against reform in mines and factories?
children should work, some jobs best done by children, extra income for families, LAISSEZ-FAIRE - government believed it was wrong to interfere
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what date was Peterloo?
1819, August 16th
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who was doing a speech at Peterloo?
Henry Hunt
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what was Henry Hunt's speech about?
Liberty, equality, freedom, universal suffrage
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how many were killed/injured at Peterloo?
15 killed, 400 injured
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how id elections take place before 1832?
only rich men/landowners could vote or be MPs, bribery/ influential, public voting
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what were the two main parties in elections?
whigs and tories
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what is a rotten borough?
an area where there are a few voters but where they can still elect an MP
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what is a pocket borough?
an area where the election of an MP was controlled by one person (landowner)
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why were some against revolution of electoral systems?
fear of revolution, system had always worked, aristocracy born to rule
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when was the electoral reform act?
1832
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what was changed in the electoral reform act?
rotten boroughs removed, double the amount of voters (4-8%), TAX increase, no more than 50 people at one meeting
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how do elections take place today?
anyone +18 and registered can vote, every 4 years
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what are the main 3 parties in todays society?
liberal democrates, conservatives, labour
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who were the chartists?
working class men who wanted the vots and better working conditions, metal/textile workers.
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what were the chartists six aims?
votes for all men over 21, secret ballot, payment of MPs, annual parliament, no property qualifications, each district has a representor
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what was the roundsman system?
able bodied poor searched for work, wages were paid half by employer half by parish
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what was the speenhamland system?
wages depended on price of bread and size of family
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who was responsible for the poor?
parishes
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who were the idle vagabonds and what happened to them when they refused to work?
able bodied poor, sent to house of correction
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what types of relief was there and what was it?
indoor relief: in workhouse, outdoor relief: in homes
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who were the impotent poor? where were they looked after?
sick, mentally ill, poor houses
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what happened to pauper children?
sent to work in factories
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what was the old poor law?
a collection of laws passed by parliament
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what type of poor relief did you get?
coal, food, clothes, rent, fuel
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when were the swing riots?
1830-32
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why did the swing riots take place?
it was a reaction to rural poverty
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what happened in the swing riots?
working class damaged machinery because they were being replaced by it
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how many men were transported/ hung?
457 transported, 9 hung
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what was the andover workhouse scandal?
women were being abused and burials were not being done in a christiain way
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what did the Royal Comissions find wrong with the poor law?
inefficient, inconsistent, high costs, abuses of system
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what happened in workhouses after 1834?
familied and sexes separated, poor diet, punishments
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what were two jobs in the workhouse?
oakum picking, bone crushing
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what were some arguments for reform in mines and factories?

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bad for women and children, long term health problems, no education, fear of worker revolution

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what were some arguments against reform in mines and factories?

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Card 4

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what date was Peterloo?

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Card 5

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who was doing a speech at Peterloo?

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