Britain reading list one sheet one Britain 1900

?
How much of a problem was poverty at this time?
Most of Britain lived in urbanized areas due to industrialization.1887-1911 urban population doubled. No sanitation. Main issues were over crowding, malnutrition and ill health. local + central gov started to take measures to fix this.
1 of 19
How much of a problem was poverty at this time? 2
local + central gov wanted to help this eg 1875 public health act. Wages risen. Booth 35% of people in East London in poverty 1889. Rowntree 28% people in York in poverty 1901.
2 of 19
What was ‘National Efficiency’ and what issues surrounded it?
Cross-partisan support for the idea that government and Parliament had to do something to tackle the issue of poverty. Not just for humanitarian reasons but also for Boer war 38% of volunteers rejected due to ill health.
3 of 19
What was ‘National Efficiency’ and what issues surrounded it?
National efficiency-This was defined as the level of health and wellbeing it was felt that the British people needed for the country to be militarily strong, industrially strong and industrially competitive. Linked to Joseph Chamberlain, Lord Baden P
4 of 19
What was the health of the British economy and how did it compare to other leading nations?
1870 and 1914 Britain’s trade and industry appeared to be shrinking – especially relative to Germany and the USA. decline was most evident in the staple industries. The British industrial growth rate was half that of the USA.
5 of 19
What was the health of the British economy and how did it compare to other leading nations? 2
Revisionist historians argue that the decline was exaggerated by those in scared of German and American growth. British industry was more cost effective that its rivals.
6 of 19
What ‘new industries’ were emerging and how did this change effect the economy?
The decline in the ‘staple industries’ was offset by growth in the ‘new industries’ e.g Hotel + catering, education, public admin and transport and communication.
7 of 19
What ‘new industries’ were emerging and how did this change effect the economy?
profitability of the new industries did not yet offset for the losses in the staple industries. • Invisible earnings – the sale abroad of services – helped to keep Britain solvent.
8 of 19
What problems were there in Industrial relations?
last quarter of the 19th century saw a rapid growth in the number of Trade Union members – mainly unskilled or semi-skilled workers. • These were termed ‘new unions’ and were eager to use their collective power to lobby for better working terms.
9 of 19
What was the state of the agricultural sector at this time?
It was 11% of the workforce in 1911.decline from the 1840’s, mainly due to the repeal of the corn laws (1846) which gave rise to cheap imports.• Only the largest famers made reasonable profits and small rural farmers often lived in poverty.
10 of 19
What was the state of the agricultural sector at this time?
establishment of the Board of Agriculture in 1889 – the board didn’t do much, aside from the Ordnance Survey – and its creation did little to help the plight of small farmers. situation only began to improve with WW1.
11 of 19
What issues surrounded Britain’s imperial role?
the last 30 years of the 19th century, Britain had rapidly increased the size of its empire largely due to the Scramble for Africa (1881 – 1914). Little worth while land left, Britian didn't want to risk expensive war. Conservatives = Imperialists.
12 of 19
What was the franchise question and why was it controversial?
start of the 20th century, Britain was not a democracy. Since the 1832 (and 1867) Reform Acts, steps were taken to extend the franchise. should all men be allowed to vote?
13 of 19
What was the problem with the House of Lords?
elected MP’s in the House of Commons could create legislation even if it passed it could be stopped by house of lords undemocratic. Advantage to Conservatives as they had majority of peers. Could block liberal legislation.
14 of 19
What was the Ulster question and why was it controversial?
what would happen to Ulster (Northern Ireland) if Irish Home Rule were to be implemented. Protestants in Ulster wanted to be excluded from independence, but because of the economic power of the area, the Catholic south wanted them to be included.
15 of 19
What was the Ulster question and why was it controversial? 2
Previous Home Rule Bills, introduced by the Liberal leader Gladstone in 1886 and 1893 had been blocked . the 1886 was defeated by 30 votes in the House of Commons and the 1893 was blocked by the House of Lords.
16 of 19
What was the Ulster question and why was it controversial? 3
It was controversial because many in government worried that it would open the floodgates for other colonies to do the same.Irish Nationalists, wanted the creation of a separate government in Dublin.
17 of 19
What was the Ulster question and why was it controversial?4
angered the mostly Protestant population of Ulster because they thought it would give the Catholic south a controlling hand against them.
18 of 19
What was the Ulster question and why was it controversial? 5
• Gladstone’s attempts split the Liberal Party and hardened the resolve of the Unionists, on the grounds that it undermined the unity of the UK.
19 of 19

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How much of a problem was poverty at this time? 2

Back

local + central gov wanted to help this eg 1875 public health act. Wages risen. Booth 35% of people in East London in poverty 1889. Rowntree 28% people in York in poverty 1901.

Card 3

Front

What was ‘National Efficiency’ and what issues surrounded it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was ‘National Efficiency’ and what issues surrounded it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the health of the British economy and how did it compare to other leading nations?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Modern Britain - 19th century onwards resources »