Bridging the Development Gap

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What are the pros and cons of different measure of development?
GDP, GNI - single indicator measures - only on economy, Literacy rate/Mortality rate - social measures, HDI - Life expectancy/enrolment rate/literacy rate/GDP per capita PPP
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Development continuum / development gap
North-South divide = old method, NICs/RICs/OPEC nations - middle income countries, Asian Tigers
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What theories can be used to explain the development gap?
Dependancy theory/ North-South Divide / Core & Periphery model / World Systems theory / Development cable / Cycle of poverty
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Key players in widening / narrowing the development gap
NGOs - Action Aid/Water Aid , Governments - UK Government, International Organisations - United Nations (MDGs), World Bank, IMF
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What role does trade play in maintaining the development gap?
Coffee crisis, Fair Trade, Free Trade, World Bank and Uganda
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What are the consequences of the development gap?
Dalits, India - wealth segregation, South Africa - racial segregation, China in Africa - exploitation of resources
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What does the development gap look like in megacities?
Mumbai - urban slums, Dhaka, economic migrants, Bangalore, disparities between rich and poor, Lagos, money made through weed
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To what extent can different solutions narrow the development gap?
Trade reform - Uganda and the WTO, Uganda and the IMF , Fair-trade - Kuala Kokoo, Aid projects, BOTTOM UP/TOP-DOWN, Debt cancellation - Tanzania, Tourism - Chinese rural tourism, Migration - Megacities, Technology, African access to mobiles
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What is the role of aid in narrowing the development gap?
Water Aid's Big Pipe project in Ethiopia, Haiti;s emergency aid - $3-4 billion, Action Aid bottom-up project in Barlonyo, UK Pergau Dam in Malaysia
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Progress made to meet the MDGs
6% economic growth in Africa / Clean water supply goal to reduce by half met in 2010, Uganda to employ at least 30% women in parliament
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To what extent is the development gap widening / narrowing?
Africa - little improvement / General - improvement / Megacities - more disparities
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Card 2

Front

Development continuum / development gap

Back

North-South divide = old method, NICs/RICs/OPEC nations - middle income countries, Asian Tigers

Card 3

Front

What theories can be used to explain the development gap?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Key players in widening / narrowing the development gap

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What role does trade play in maintaining the development gap?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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