Breakdown of romantic relationships

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  • Created by: Emilyio
  • Created on: 17-04-16 13:35
(A01) Who created the Reasons for Relationship Breakdown?
Duck 1999
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(A01) Duck 1999 - Lack of Skills
Interpersonal skills don't meet mutual satisfaction. Duck claimed that those lacking social skills may struggle with making conversationand thus dont indicate their attraction to others and are generally unrewarding.
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(A01) Thibault & Kelley 1959 - Lack of Stimulation
states people look for rewards in relationshipsm like stimulation. Thus, a lack of stimulation could cause a breakdown in relationships. People assume relationships to change and devlop, when they do it may be seen as insufficient.
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(A01) Maintenance difficulties - Shaver et al 1985
believes that there are consequences if the partners don't see one another enough. This can put a strain on the relationship and may become responsible for their breakdown.
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(A01) Maintenance Difficulties, Line of Argument - Shaver et al 1985
Although enduring a RR through decreased contact may not be the cause. The maintenance becomes overwhelming and too much for continued sustainability.
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(A02) Boekhout et al 1999 - Lack of skills
Affairs may be a direct response to percieved lack of skills and/or stimulation. Undergraduates rated sexual+emotional reasons for infidelity. Men=sex. Women=emotions
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(A02) What does LDRR mean?
Long Distance Romantic Relationship
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(A02) What does LDF mean?
Long Distance Friendship
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(A02) Maintenance Difficulties - Rohlfing 1995
found 70% of sampled students had experienced at least on LDRR and 90% had experienced a LDF
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(A02) Maintenance Difficulties - Holt & Ston 1988
claimed it's not unusual to keep in contact with at least some people we meet along the way. There is little disatisfaction if the couple can reunite regularly.
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(A02) Gender Differences - Brehm & Kassin 1996
women are more likely to stress unhappiness and incompatibility for dissolution wihen men blame it on 'sexual withholding'
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(A02) Gender Differences - Akert 1998
Women have more of a desire to stay friends after a relationship when men wish to 'cut their losses'
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(A02) Real World Application - CCET
Social skill importance in breakdown, to training programme development. (CCET) Couples Coping Enhancement Training aims to sesitise equity issues and respect their relationship in addition to problem solving skills.
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(A02) Real World Application - CCET - Cina et al 2003
50 couples (average length of relationships 12 years) who recieved CCET with a control group who did not. CCET reported much higher marital quality after training.
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(A01) Relationship Dissolution - Lee 1984
surveyed 112 romantic break-ups.
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(A01) Stage 1 - Dissatisfaction
One partner becomes unhappy with the relationship
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(A01) Stage 2 - Exposure
one partner reveals their unhappiness to the other
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(A01) Stage 3 - Negotiation
Discussions take place about the unhappiness
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(A01) Stage 4 - Resolution
attemots may be to resolve problems
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(A01) Stage 5 - Termination
The relationships break down. Lee suggested stage 2 + 3 were most gruelling parts and not all relationships go through all 5 stages
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(A01) Who created A Model of Breakdown?
Rollie & Duck 2006
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(A01) How many stages are there?
6
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(A01) Stage 1
BREAKDOWN - One partner is dissatisfied
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(A01) Stage 2
INTRA-PSYCHIC - Social wothdrawal may occur. They wont say anything to their partner, but may keep a diary. They question their alternatives to their relationships
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(A01) Stage 3
DYADIC - Confrontation, probably arguments - but the relationship may be saved by this stage as there is a large reassesment.
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(A01) Stage 4
SOCIAL - This is where social networking and texting comes in handy. Family and friends are brought to alert. There may be advice or side taking.
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(A01) Stage 5
GRAVE-DRESSING - Process inolves justifying why they left. May prepare stories for their third parties, whilst trying to prove that they're trustworthy.
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(A01) Stage 6
RESURRECTION - Reacting a sense of value. Need to know how they change to avoid this process next time.
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(A02) Ethical issues in Breakdown research
Vulernability (distressed visiting memories), Privacy (intensely personal nature), Confidentiality. An example - abusive relationships may fear recrimination from her abuser, should he find her research participation.
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(A02) Research support - Tashiro & Frazier 2003
Surveyed undergraduates who recently faced a breakup. They had experienced personal growth as we;; as emotional distress (Resurrection). They also underwent Grave Dressing.
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(A02) Implications for Intervention
Understanding which stages a relationship is in will help undertsand what can be done to help. Ie. If it was in intra-psychic, the partners may need to re-establish liking for one another. Ths may be through re-evaluating behavioiur more positively.
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(A02) Lee vs. Duck
Lee puts emphasis on the earlier stages, when the relaionships might still be saved.
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(A02) Lee vs. Duck
Duck puts more emphasis more on the beginning and end stages rather than the middle/
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(A02) Lee vs. Duck
NEITHER are universal
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(A02) Lee vs. Duck
Al relationships are different. Many dont bear any resemblance to one anotherm so they can go through the stages at different speeds.
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(A02) Lee vs. Duck
ETHNOCENTRISM - Both theories apply to the Western culture (individualistic) rather than non-Western (Collectivist)
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(A02) Lee vs. Duck
Both theories are very discriptive and look at the breakdown of relationships as a process rather than a real life event.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Interpersonal skills don't meet mutual satisfaction. Duck claimed that those lacking social skills may struggle with making conversationand thus dont indicate their attraction to others and are generally unrewarding.

Back

(A01) Duck 1999 - Lack of Skills

Card 3

Front

states people look for rewards in relationshipsm like stimulation. Thus, a lack of stimulation could cause a breakdown in relationships. People assume relationships to change and devlop, when they do it may be seen as insufficient.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

believes that there are consequences if the partners don't see one another enough. This can put a strain on the relationship and may become responsible for their breakdown.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Although enduring a RR through decreased contact may not be the cause. The maintenance becomes overwhelming and too much for continued sustainability.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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