Brain Areas

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The hindbrain
Reflex control of respiration, blood circulation etc.
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The midbrain
coordinates reflex responses to sight and sounds
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The forebrain
Receives and integrates sensory information
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Cerebellum
controls fine motor skills, attention, language
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Medulla
coordinates heart rate etc.
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Reticular formation
inside the medulla, controls sleep, wakefulness, arousal
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Pons
Relays information from cerebellum to brain, sleep, arousal
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Tectum
Orientates organism to the environment , coordinates response
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Tegmentum
Movement and arousal, pleasure seeking, motivation
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Substantia Nigra
Reward and addiction, densely packed with dopamine
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Superior Colliculi
Guides eye movement and gaze fixation
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Inferior Colliculi
Sound localization
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The cerebral cortex
Outermost layer of the brain divided into two hemispheres
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Thalamus
Relays and filter sensory information (not smell)
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Hypothalamus
Regulates body temperature, hunger, thirst, sexual behaviour
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Pituitary Gland
'Master gland', hormone producing system, controls other glands
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Limbic System
Group of forebrain structures involved in motivation, learning, memory, emotion
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Hippocampus
Formation of new memories and integrating into stable knowledge
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Amygdala
Involved in emotional processes, formation of emotional memories, fear
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Basal Ganglia
group of sub cortical structures that direct intentional movements
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Corpus Callosum
Thick band of nerve fibres connecting the two hemispheres
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Gyrus
Raised part of cerebral cortex
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Sulcus
Groove in the cortex, fissures if deep
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Occipital Lobe
Visual processing, contains V1, posterior of brain
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Parietal Lobe
Processing info about touch, somatosensory cortex, body map, anterior to occipital lobe
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Temporal Lobe
Hearing and Language, inferior of brain, primary auditory cortex
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Frontal Lobe
Movement, abstract thinking, planning, memory, judgement, motor cortex
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Card 2

Front

The midbrain

Back

coordinates reflex responses to sight and sounds

Card 3

Front

The forebrain

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Cerebellum

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Medulla

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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