Brahman and Atman and their relationship

What is the western term for Brahman?
God
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What is the western term for Atman?
Soul
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How to understand Brahman better in Hinduism
A universal Macrocosmic spirit
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How to understand Atman better in Hinduism
A personal Microcosmic spirit
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Brahman is?
Eternal, gender-less, omnipotent, without form, indescribable, a ultimate reality that cannot be explained
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Jeaneane Fowler Quote
"That this absolute is called Brahman and everything in life, whether living or not comes from Brahman"
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Brahman is aware they exist and doesn't seek any further description
Sat-pure being, chit-pure consciousness/awareness, ananda- pure bliss
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Saguna Brahman
God with attributes, given titles-Shuara /Bhagavan, in Bhakti tradition someone who worships and adores god personally as lord vishnu is a exampee of someone who understands god with attributes
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Nirguna Brahman
God without attributes, no names, believe names restricting and limiting, some devotees believe God is beyond human words and thoughts and these representations of God can only lead someone astray and limit gods true scope
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Monistic belief
Everything in the cosmos is a unity and is equated with the divine
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What is Atman thought as?
A spirit which is within every living thing and that provides "life force" of that living thing and its consciousness/ awareness of the world around it
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Hinduism Differentiates between?
Matter and spirit and spirit is divided into two main categories
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1. "Spirit"- Jiva atman
Individual self/ soul
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2. "Spirit"- Paramatman
The supreme self/ God
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Sankaracharya
"The world derived from the root ap, ad or at, may mean respectably, to obtain or pervade, to eat or enjoy pr to move without ceasing"- Most Hindus believe atman is eternal and is not limited to this existence
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Atman is ?
Fearless, free, omniscient, unborn, eternal, immortal, pure, free from all phenomenal characteristics such as hunger and thirst, illuminated, "non-dual"
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A trap which holds the atman in the physical world
Transmigration
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Each soul creates its own destiny according to...
The law of karma
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Goal for most Hindus
Moksha, liberation from samsara and re-identification with brahman- can be understood and interpreted differently
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Atman summary
Impersonal, no characteristics of the life form it inhabits, when person dies everything about that person dies, only atman carries on, atman may be described but its just sign posting in general direction
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Atman is apophatic
Only knowing what it (and ultimately God) is not and not what atman actually is
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Relationship between Brahman and Atman brought up in....
Upanishads and is described and understood in a number of ways
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Monotheistic view of Brahman and Atmans relationship
Atman is a part of Brahman and not wholly identifiable with it
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Monistic view of Brahman and Atmans relationship
Everthing is made up of one essential essence and Brahman and Atman are one
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Dualistic tendencies in Upanishads- main message is monistic based on principle of Tat tvam asi
"that art thou"
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Aldous Huxley quote
"That the undwelling Atman is the same as Brahman"
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Stories in Upanishads about Brahman and Atman's relationship
Chandogya Upanishad-Father (Uddalaka) and son (Svetaketu) father uses images to help son understand Atman and its nature and relation to Brahman
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Advaita Vendanta
Non- dual vendanta which teaches that Atman and Brahman are identical
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Shankara
Advaita Vendanta
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Soul

Back

What is the western term for Atman?

Card 3

Front

A universal Macrocosmic spirit

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A personal Microcosmic spirit

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Eternal, gender-less, omnipotent, without form, indescribable, a ultimate reality that cannot be explained

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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