Bowlby's Theory of Attachment

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  • Created by: weronika
  • Created on: 12-05-14 14:51
Lorenz
Did a study on Geese. Seperated fertile goose egs into 2 groups: one group was put in with the mother to hatch natural, while the second group was placed in the inbucaltor.
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The Geese Investigation (RESULTS)
Lorenzo made sure that the geese in the inbuculator saw him as the first moving object after hatching. The imprinted on him, and saw him as their 'mother' and followed him around.
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Imprinting
The formation of RAPID ATTACHMENTS, it tends to be with the first large object they see, and it takes place between 13&16 hours after the ducklings hatch.
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The Critical Period
This is the 'window of development' in which imprinting takes part.
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Bowlby
Attachments were not fomred due to the environmental factors BUT on innate process and evolutionary mechanism for survival.
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Sensitive Period
Takes place between 3+6 months. This is where an attachment should be formed, as after this it would be difficult to form an attachment.
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Bowlby's theories
1. Theory of Attachment 2. Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis
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Internal Working Model (Template)
This is formed from the first attachment (between the caregiver and baby) it form the future relationships of the child.
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The Love Quiz
was designed by Hazen and Shaver
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The Love Quiz
Found that people with secure attachemnts formed loving and trusting relationships, whereas people with insecure attachments were insecure and fromed relationships that realry lasted. Supports the 'Internal Working Model' and the 'Sensitive Period'.
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Monotropy
wasdeveloped by Bowlby
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Monotrop
is a single attachment to one caregiver (usually the mother)
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Shaffer and Emerson
Glasgow Babies
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Glasgow Babies
showed that babies can form multiple attachments - to the caregivers who are most sensitive to the baby (not always the mother).
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44 Juvenile Thieves
supports the senstive period
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Zimmer et al
Ignored life events - divorce, death of a parent, which affects a secure child's attachment
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Main and Goldwyn
Earned security
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Lorenzo made sure that the geese in the inbuculator saw him as the first moving object after hatching. The imprinted on him, and saw him as their 'mother' and followed him around.

Back

The Geese Investigation (RESULTS)

Card 3

Front

The formation of RAPID ATTACHMENTS, it tends to be with the first large object they see, and it takes place between 13&16 hours after the ducklings hatch.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

This is the 'window of development' in which imprinting takes part.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Attachments were not fomred due to the environmental factors BUT on innate process and evolutionary mechanism for survival.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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