Bowel cancer

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What is bowel cancer?
Cancer of the bowel begining in the large bowel
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Explain the causes of bowel cancer
Cells divide and multiply too quickly and created a tumor. Bowel cancer usually develops in the polyps on the inner lining of the bowel. Exact cause is unknown.
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If you develop polyps does it mean that you'll get cancer?
No
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Give 5 symptoms of bowel cancer
Blood in stools or bleeding from the rectum, change in normal bowel movements, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss
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When deciding what treatment is best for the patient what will the doctors consider?
Type & size of cancer, general health of the patient, if cancer has spread or not, what grade it is
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Give 4 treatments
Surgery, chemo, radiotherapy, biological therapy
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If the cancer is confined to the rectum what treatment is used?
Radiotherapy to shrink the tumor then surgery
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What is chemo radiation?
Chemo and radiotherapy used together
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If patient has stage 1 bowel cancer what treatment will they get?
Should be possible to remove the tumor without further treatment
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Treatment for stages 3 & 4 bowel cancer
Surgery to remove the cancer and possibly the surrounding lymph nodes then a course of chemo to prevent the cancer coming back
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Give the treatment for stage 4 cancer
Usually not able to cure. Symptoms can be controlled & the spread of cancer can be slowed down by medical intervensions.
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Explain the diet changes patients will make after surgery
If part of colon has been removed they'll have to eat more fiber to lesses effects of constipation & drink lots of water. Eat less red meat and eat more fish. Try to avoid cured meats.
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Will they have to make any exercise changes?
If they have a stoma they should not overdo themselves and must rest after exercise
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Give 4 physical impacts of having bowel cancer
Blood in stools, surgery and recovery may impair activities of the patient, may have to have a stoma, some may have to have a permanent stoma.
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Give an intellectual impact
May be unable to study, work or read because of a lack of concentration
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Give 3 emotional impacts
Mood/ body image may be affected, worry about how people will react, may feel low & need osme support and councelling
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Explain the causes of bowel cancer

Back

Cells divide and multiply too quickly and created a tumor. Bowel cancer usually develops in the polyps on the inner lining of the bowel. Exact cause is unknown.

Card 3

Front

If you develop polyps does it mean that you'll get cancer?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give 5 symptoms of bowel cancer

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When deciding what treatment is best for the patient what will the doctors consider?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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