Bonding, Structure and Properties of Matter Key Words Chemistry

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Alloy
A mixture that contains at least one metal, e.g. steel.
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Aqueous
Dissolved in water.
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Boiling point
The specific temperature at which a pure substance changes state from liquid to gas and from gas to liquid.
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Brittle
Breaks easily when hit.
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Corrode/Corrosion
When a metal reacts with oxygen and water, e.g. the rusting of iron.
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Covalent bond
A shared pair of electrons between atoms in a molecule.
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Delocalised
Not bound to one atom.
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Diamond
A form of carbon with a giant covalent structure, that is very hard.
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Ductile
Can be drawn into a wire.
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Electrostatic
A force of attraction between oppositely charged species.
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Fullerene
A form of carbon in which the carbon atoms are joined together to form hollow structures, e.g. tubes, balls and cages.
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Graphene
A form of carbon; a single layer of graphite, just one atom thick
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Graphite
A form of carbon, with a giant covalent structure, that conducts electricity.
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Intermolecular
Between molecules
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Ionic bond
The force of attraction between positive and negative ions.
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Malleable
Can be hammered into shape.
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Matter
Describes the material that everything is made up of.
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Melting point
The specific temperature at which a pure substance changes state, from solid to liquid and from liquid to solid.
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Metallic bond
The strong attraction between metal ions and delocalised electrons.
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Molten
Liquified by heat.
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Nanoparticles
Very small particles, which are 1-100nm in size.
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Particle
A small piece of matter
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Pure
A substance that contains only one type of element or compound.
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Silicon dioxide (silica)
(SiO2) a compound found in sand.
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Transparent
See-through.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Dissolved in water.

Back

Aqueous

Card 3

Front

The specific temperature at which a pure substance changes state from liquid to gas and from gas to liquid.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Breaks easily when hit.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

When a metal reacts with oxygen and water, e.g. the rusting of iron.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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