Bolshevik aims and problems.

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  • Created by: T Colby
  • Created on: 25-04-16 19:32
What were the four aims of the Bolsheviks when they came to power?
Survival, expansion of control over Russia, negotiating a swift end to the war and bring economic stability to Russia.
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What did Lenin state as the Commissar for Foriegn Affairs about solving Bolshevik problems?
"All we need to do is issue a few decrees, then shut up shop and go home".
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What did Lenin claim the October Revolution had been?
A taking of power by the soviets.
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What was the October Revolution really?
A taking of power by the Bolsheviks.
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What was at the top of the distribution of power in Russia?
Sovnarkom.
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Did the Bolsheviks rule de facto or de jure?
De facto.
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What did de facto mean?
They were in a position to make up their own rules.
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What did the Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party become known as?
Politburo.
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What were the two main features of the Bolshevik Party by 1924?
Sovnarkom (Council of People's Commissars) and the Secretariat (equivalent to the Civil Service).
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What did Trotsky state about Lenin's immediate rule?
"From the moment the provisional government was declared deposed, Lenin acted in matters large and small as the government".
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Who had Lenin written against before the October Revolution?
Landlords and grasping capitalists.
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What examples of economic collapse could be seen in Russia from the war?
Shortage of raw materials and investment capital reduced industrial production, inflation, transport system was crippled, hunger and lack of grain production.
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Why was there a lack of grain production?
Russia ceded Ukraine which was its richest grain producing region.
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How short of grain was Russia from its needs?
13 million tons.
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Industrial production was reduced to what level due to the shortage of raw materials and investment capital?
Two-thirds of its 1914 level.
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What two Bolshevik policies were related to the economy?
Decree on Land and Decree on Workers Control.
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When were the two decrees issued?
November 1917.
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What did the Decree on Land abolish?
Private ownership of land forevor.
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What land became the property of the whole people after being confiscated?
All land including state, crown, monastery, church, factory, private, public and peasant etc.
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What did the Decree on Workers Control instruct workers' committees to do?
Maintain the strictest order and discipline in the workplace.
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What was set up in December to take charge of all existing institutions for the regulation of economic life?
Vesenkha.
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What three things did Vesenkha do?
Banks and railways were nationalised, foreign debts were cancelled and the transport system was made less chaotic.
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What system did the Bolsheviks abolish?
The old class system.
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What became the new greeting for all?
Comrade.
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What was the old legal system replaced by?
People's courts.
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What did the Bolsheviks create as a secret police to replace the tsarist Okhrana?
Cheka.
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What military force did the Bolsheviks found?
Red Army.
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What did the Bolsheviks rename Russia?
Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Republic (RSFSR).
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What did the Bolsheviks rename themselves?
The Communist Party.
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What did the Bolsheviks change to the Russian calendar?
Modernised in line with the system used in the advanced world.
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What did the Bolshevik marriage code give husbands and wives?
Equal rights.
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What institution was brought under state control?
Schools.
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When was the Cheka created?
December 1917.
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What was the Cheka's expressed purpose?
To destroy counter-revolution and sabotage.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Lenin state as the Commissar for Foriegn Affairs about solving Bolshevik problems?

Back

"All we need to do is issue a few decrees, then shut up shop and go home".

Card 3

Front

What did Lenin claim the October Revolution had been?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the October Revolution really?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was at the top of the distribution of power in Russia?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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