Boer War- Political, social and economic impacts

What was the name given to the election of 1900?
Khaki election
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Why did Salisbury call an election?
To consolidate power during the war
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Who overwhelmingly won the election?
The Tories
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Why did the Tories win? (3)
The liberals had split, the liberals had little financial backing, people supported the war
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Why did Salisbury replace many Tories and step down after the election?
Press criticised the government for Boer War conduct
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Who replaced Salisbury?
His nephew Balfour
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How much did the war cost?
£217 million
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How was the war paid for? (2)
Increased taxes. loans
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Who proposed tariff reform?
Joseph Chamberlain
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What was tariff reform?
Free trade within the Empire, tariffs on imports from outside the Empire
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What were the problems with tariff reform?
Would create trade barriers, profits would be lost from exports, food prices would increase due to decreased competition
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What did tariff reform cause?
A split in the Tories between free trade and protectionism
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Who won the elections in a landslide in 1906?
Liberals
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Why did the Boer war not feature in the 1906 election campaigns?
Tories wanted to bury their dark past, liberals wanted to discourage imperialism
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Why did tariff reform fail?
Lack of public support
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Why was the Boer War denounced after 1900?
Concentration camps
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How did the people show a lack of support for the Boer War? (2)
Bought newspapers which denounced it, voted for the liberals
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How did the people show support for imperialism? (5)
Music hall attendance, buying papers with imperialist advertising, emigration to dominions, patriotic leagues, support for colonial scouts and guides organisations
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How did the war impact social reform? (2)
Diverted money and attention from reform during the war, but encouraged reform post-war
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What two groups did the liberals split into on the issue of social reform?
'Old liberals' wanted continuity, 'new liberals' wanted change
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What percentage of people were under the income tax threshold during the war?
90%
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What did workers suffer from which made them inefficient?
Short lifespans, ill health, inability to care for children
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How did living standards improve after the war?
Wage increases, better diets, increased leisure time
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Who proposed eugenics?
Francis Galton
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What was eugenics?
The belief that the 'weak, idle' poor should be killed to ensure pure breeding of the 'better' upper classes and a better society
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Who reported on living conditions in England, proving that the poor suffered due to circumstance, not their own faults?
Charles Booth and Seebohm Rowntree
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What proportion of the population did Booth and Rowntree find to be poor?
1/3
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Why were so many people poor?
Unemployment, age, and health
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What percentage of volunteers for the Boer War were fit to fight?
60%
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What country did the British fear conflict with?
Germany
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What did the national efficiency campaign demand? (3)
Education for all (especially in science), more meritocratic government, increased support for workers
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Which country did the British aspire to be like in terms of production?
Germany
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How did the Boer War affect the national inefficiency campaign?
Increased support due to the fear that Britain would lose the Empire due to incompetence
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What reforms were introduced to combat national inefficiency?
Education Act, old-age pensions, national insurance
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why did Salisbury call an election?

Back

To consolidate power during the war

Card 3

Front

Who overwhelmingly won the election?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why did the Tories win? (3)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why did Salisbury replace many Tories and step down after the election?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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