Black Leaders' and Organisations' Role

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  • Created by: MRH__98
  • Created on: 22-04-15 16:55
Frederick Douglass
1865-95. Opponent of slavery, supporter of all civil rights (not just Blacks), raised awareness (newspapers and speeches).
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Self-help groups
1865. Comprised of freedmen who joined their earnings to buy land to provide schools and teachers.
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Booker T. Washington
1881-1915. Ran the Tuskegee Institute, gave the Atlanta speech, accommodationist, organised the Negro Business League.
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T. Thomas Fortune
1883-1928. Editor of newspapers that were protesting against the treatment of Blacks, supporter of Garvey, President of the Afro-American Council.
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Ida B. Wells
1884-1931. Sued the railroad company, public opposition to lynching, women's rights.
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W.E.B. Du Bois
1903-1963. Found the Niagara movement (1905), founded the NAACP.
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NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People)
1909-present. Both Black & White supporters, peaceful, focus on legal aspects, Constitutional organisation, significant long-term role.
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Marcus Garvey
1917-1925. Founded UNIA (1917), Blacks taking control of their own affairs, Black Eagle Star Steamship, open air parades, military style leadership.
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Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)
1917-1927. Campaigned for equal rights and independence of Blacks rather than absorbing into the melting pot, encouraged to develop their own institutions etc.
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Thurgood Marshall.
1940-1993. Black lawyer winning nearly all the NAACP cases and was the first Black Justice of the Supreme Court.
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Martin Luther King Jr. (and Southern Christian Leadership Conference/SCLC)
1954-1968. Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955), Birmingham Protest (1963), "I have a Dream" Speech (1963), sit-ins, freedom rides, peaceful, desegregation & political rights, views later changed.
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Malcolm X
1960-65. Member of the Nation of Islam, violent, economic and social rights, wrote in a journal, gave speeches, Black superiority, views changed later.
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Black Panthers
1966-1976. Economic emphasis, influenced by Black Power and Malcolm X, had a 10-point programme, violent, military style.
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Congress Of Racial Equality (CORE)
1942-1968. Organised sit-ins in Chicago restaurants, demanded desegregation on interstate transport, agreed to work with other organisations on voter registration in Mississippi, involved in March on Washington (1963).
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Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committe (SNCC)
Founded in 1960. Major involvements in sit-ins, Albany (1961-2), Freedom Summer (1964) and Meredith March (1966), also involved in Freedom Rides (1961) and March on Washington. Radicalised during Meredith March by Stokely Carmichael.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1865. Comprised of freedmen who joined their earnings to buy land to provide schools and teachers.

Back

Self-help groups

Card 3

Front

1881-1915. Ran the Tuskegee Institute, gave the Atlanta speech, accommodationist, organised the Negro Business League.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

1883-1928. Editor of newspapers that were protesting against the treatment of Blacks, supporter of Garvey, President of the Afro-American Council.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

1884-1931. Sued the railroad company, public opposition to lynching, women's rights.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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