Black Americans glossary

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Columbus
European Explorer given credit for discovering America in 1492
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Slave
Person owned by another
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Africa
Continent where slaves were usually captured
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Triangular Trade Route
Route going from Europe to Africa to America and back to Europe
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John Hawkins
English sailor who invented the Triangular Trade Route
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Liverpool, Glasgow, Bristol, London
Ports that flourished due to being part of the Triangular Trade Route
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Middle Passage
Journey from Africa to America
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Slave Forts
Where slaves were captured until they were ready to board the boat
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Tight Packing
When slaves on the ship had to lie on their sides
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Loose Packing
When slaves were allowed to lie on their backs
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Slave Auction
Where slaves were sold to the highest bidder
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Branding
Burning the initials of the slaves 'owner' in their skin
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The South
The part of America where slaves were usually sold
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Plantation
A large farm which only grew one crop
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Cotton / Tobacco
Typical crops on plantations
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Cotton Gin
Machine invented by Eli Whitney to separate cotton seeds from the fuzz
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Rebellion
When one or more slaves break free or ignore their 'masters'
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House Servant
A slave who took care of the plantation owner's house
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Fiend Hand
A slave who was outside and grew and harvested crops
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Overseer
Someone employed to keep the slaves working by any means possible
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Slave code
A list of rules drawn up which all slaves had to follow or face terrible punishment
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Mansion
Where the plantation owner and his family lived
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Slave Hut
A small shed where slaves slept
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Nat Turner
Famous leader of slave rebellion. He was executed in 1831
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Underground Railway
Secret escape route for escaped slaves
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Fugitive
An escaped slave
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Spirituals
Hymns or songs developed by slaves to maintain spirits and express hopes of freedomAbolistionist
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Abolitionist
A person who campaigned for the slave trade to be abolished
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American Civil War
Started in 1861 between northern and southern states who wanted america to stay united and to break away from the southern states
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Person owned by another

Back

Slave

Card 3

Front

Continent where slaves were usually captured

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Route going from Europe to Africa to America and back to Europe

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

English sailor who invented the Triangular Trade Route

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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