Bits about texiltes

  • Created by: Abigail
  • Created on: 20-11-13 17:57
When analysing a product, it's important to look at, what three key things?
Fibre content; fabric structure (woven, etc); an a finish applied on the fabric
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What is asthetic properties?
It relates to the appearance, texture and overall style
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A typical garment has asthetic properties, but what things come with this?
Good drape; soft; suitable colours
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What does functional properties mean?
That it is functional for what it's used for
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Give an example:
Fire resistant and durability could be for an industrial worker
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What does comportable properties mean?
That it's comfortable when in use
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An example?
A jumper has to be soft and warm
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ALL staple fibres are spun to create many different yarns, give a few examples:
Singles, plied, cable, core or fancy
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The thickness of a yarn strand affects the..
weight, flexibility and end use
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Too much of a twist to a yarn makes it?
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But, not enough of a twist could result in?
A weak yarn
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Warp yarns needs a ____ twist so it can _____ _____ in the loom.
High twist so i can withstand tension in the loom
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Staple yarns are mainly made from?
Natural fibres
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Examples of the natural fibres?
Cotton, linen, wool
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However, manufactured can become staple fibres, but how?
But cutting them shorter
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What is the only natural fibre that is a filament?
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What other fibres are filaments?
Synthetic and manufactured
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What are the four most common weaves?
Plain, twill, satin and pile
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What qualities come from plain weave?
Strong, firm and durable
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What pattern do twill weaves produce?
A diagonal one
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What material is used for this, the most common one anyway?
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What other end uses are popular for this weave?
Jackets, suits and trousers
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What properties come with satin weave?
Leaves a shiny, smooth surface
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What does the back of the material look like?
Dull looking
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What end uses are for this weave?
Evening wear, curtain linings, ribbons
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What is the main problem with satin weave?
It snags easily due to the majority of warp on the surface
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Properties of weft knitting?
Stretchy but can easily ladder
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What are some of the end uses?
T-shirts, socks, underwear and knitted wear
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How can weft knit be made?
By hand or machine
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How can warp knit be made?
By machine
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What is the appearance for warp knit?
Loops interlock vertically
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Qualities of this knit?
Stretchy but doesn't ladder and cannot be unravelled
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Some end uses?
Sportswear, sheets and furnishings
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What is felt made from?
Animal hair and wool fibres
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How is it made?
Through moisture, machinery and heat
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What is a problem with wool felt?
It can be expensive
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Issues with felt altogether?
No strength, no elasticity
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Good things about felt?
Doesn't fray, is warm and retains shape
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What are bonded fibres made from?
Webbed fibres
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What's it mainly used for?
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Good qualities?
Crease resistance and easy to use
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What is asthetic properties?


It relates to the appearance, texture and overall style

Card 3


A typical garment has asthetic properties, but what things come with this?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What does functional properties mean?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Give an example:


Preview of the front of card 5
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