Bishop Berkley

I forgot to add this guy- he might come up in the exam for idealism. 

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What is idealism?
the theory that nothing exists outside of the mind- there is no physical world.
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who was an Idealist?
Bishop Berkley
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How did he react to Locke's primary and Secondary qualities?
Locke- we only see the primary and secondary qualities, we can never experience the thing itself because everything we sense about t falls into these two categories. Berkley-all we sense are the qualities,does the physical thing actually exist? no.
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*** did Berkley criticise Locke?
Locke and the other philosophers opened the door to atheism and scepticism. to defend the idea of God and knowledge from it, he wanted to prove that objects do not project qualities-the object doesn't exist, only our perception of it does.
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What is his first attack of secondary qualities regarding sensation?
1.sensation-cold water feels different depending on you-if you're cold it feels warm, if you're warm it feels cold. therefore the perception is within you.
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What is his second attack regarding taste?
if you like the taste of something, that pleasure cannot exist in the object (like the food) because inanimate objects cannot have feelings. since we cannot separate the taste of sweetness from our pleasure, they exist in the perceiver
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How does Berkley attack another secondary quality-colour?
Two people may have different perspectives of the same colour- I see turquoise you see sky blue. both cannot exist within the same thing, so the colour must exist within the perceiver.
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How does he attack speed?
If I watch a train go by, the people on it are moving. But they are standing still. If speed exists within an object, how can they be moving and still? Speed exists within the perceiver.
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What is his general argument?
t it is impossible for something to exist without being perceived; "To be is to be perceived" If we only ever add primary and secondary qualities, then how can we say it exists? we never perceive the actual thing.
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What is a critique of idealism regarding the continued existence of things?
If only our perception of the object exists then when we're not perceiving them, they must not exist. but if i set my house on fire then shut my eyes and cover my ears, it'll still ******* kill me.
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what is a critique regarding the regularity of the universe?
matter retains certain properties when we're not perceiving it, s when we come to perceive it again we can expect it to produce the same sensations.
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Card 2

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who was an Idealist?

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Bishop Berkley

Card 3

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How did he react to Locke's primary and Secondary qualities?

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Card 4

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*** did Berkley criticise Locke?

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Card 5

Front

What is his first attack of secondary qualities regarding sensation?

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