Birth Complications and Rest of Unit 2

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What Happens if the Baby isn't in the Correct Position?
It can be Manoeuvred by an Obstetrician into it.
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What is the Breech Position?
Is when either the Baby's Legs or Bottom are First. A Caesarean Section might be Advised.
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What is the Tranverse Position?
When the Baby lies Across the Uterus and Must be Delivered by a Caeserean Section.
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What is the Oblique Position?
When the Baby lies at an Angle in the Uterus and must be Delivered by a Caesarean Section.
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What is Induction? Why might a Women by Induced?
Induction is when Labour is Artificially Started. This might be because the Baby is Overdue, The Mother has Eclampsia, Pre-Eclampsia or Diabetes or if the Baby is Failing to Grow.
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What Methods might be used during Induction?
The Sweeping or Artificial Rupturing of the Membranes, a Prostaglandin Pessary or a Intravenous Drip of the Hormone Oxytoxin.
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When might Assisted Delivery be used?
If the Baby is Distressed or the Mother is Unable to Push the Baby Out.
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What is Ventouse Delivery?
When a Metal or Plastic Cup is attached to the Baby's Head using a Vacuum. The Baby is Eased out when Contractions Occur.
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What is Forceps Delivery?
Takes place when Foceps (Curved Metal Blades) are applied to either side of the Baby's Head. The Baby is easied out when the Contractions Occur.
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What is a Caesarean Section?
An Operation the Cuts Open to Abdominal Wall and Uterus along the Bikini Line so the Baby can be Removed. After the Baby is Removed, Two Clamps are put on the Umbelicial Cord, it's Cut and the Placenta is Removed. The Uterus and Abdomen and Stitched
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What are the 2 Types of Caesarean Section?
Elective and Emergency.
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What is an Elective Caesarean?
A Date 2-3 Weeks Before the EDD is chosen for an Elective Caesarean, before Labour starts Naturally. A Spinal Anaesthetic is used so the Mother stays awake.
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Reasons for having an Elective Caesarean?
The Baby is in the Wrong Position, The Mother is HIV Position, The Placenta is Blocking the Enterance to the Birth Canal, Its a Multiple Birth or The Mother has had previous C-Sections.
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What is a Emergency Caesarean?
A General Anaesthetic is sometimes used due to Lack of Time so the Mother will be Unconscious During Delivery.
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Reasons for having an Emergency Caesarean?
Foetal Distress shown by the Baby Passing Meconium or Prolonged Increased or Decreased Heartbeat, Eclampsia or Severe Pre-Eclampsia, Severe Bleeding for the Uterus, Progress in Labour has stopped or Undiagnosed Breech Position.
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What Does SCBU Stand For?
Special Care Baby Unit.
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What Does NICU Stand For?
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.
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Who are the SCBU and NICU Staffed By?
Neonatologists, Doctors, Specially Trained Nurses and Midwives.
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Which Babies Need Special Care?
Premature, Medical Promblems such as Breathing Difficulties, Are Born Diabetic or Drug-Addicted or Are Shoked After a Difficult Delivery.
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What Does a Incubator Do?
Helps Breathing by Filtering and Humidifying Air, Keeps Babies Warm and Isolated From Infection and Has Portholes so Attention Can Be Given Easily.
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What is Jaundice and How Can This Be Helped?
Jaundice is caused by High Levels of Bilirubin, which can cause Brain Damage. Light Therapy is used to Treat Jaundice.
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What is a Ventilator?
It Helps Babies to Breath. It Provides Oxygen but at a Controlled Level to Avoid Brain Damage.
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What Does a Nasogastric Tube Do?
Feeds the Mothers Expressed Breast Milk or Formula Milk Directly into the Stomach through a Tube in the Nose. Its used if the Babies Don't Have a Mature Sucking/ Swallowing Reflex or Uses too much Energy Feeding.
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What is the Intravenous Line?
Passes Fluids and Drugs into Babies. Babies are Fed Nutrients through an Intravenous Line if they're Unable to Digest Milk.
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What Does the Monitor Do?
Checks the Breathing, Heartbeat and Oxygen Concerntration. It is Placed on the Babies Skin and Linked to Screens and Alarms.
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What is a Premature Baby?
Babies that are Born Before Full Term (Before 37 Weeks). They Weights Less Than 5lbs at Birth.
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Name Some of the Chracteristics of Premature Babies?
Underdeveloped Lungs, Inability to Suck and Swallow or Regulate Body Temperature, Small Size, Low Birth Weight and Little Body Weight, A Weak Immune System, Low Calcuim, Iron and Blood Sugar Levels, Red Wrinkled Skin and a Large Head.
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Why can Bonding be Difficult for Parents of Premature Babies?
They May Feel like the Baby Doesn't Belong to Them and that it Belongs to the Hospital or They May be Afraid to Love the Baby incase it Dies.
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What are Some Physical Chracteristics of Newborn Babies?
Umbellical Cord, May Have Milia, Vernix, Lanugo or Birthmarks, Average Length of 50cm.
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Name Some Reflex Actions Present at Birth?
Sucking and Swallowing, Rooting, Walking, Stepping, The Grasp Reflex, The Startle Reflex, Crawling and Blinking.
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What is the Apgar Test?
Is a Test that Tests the Condition of Newborn Babies, Checked using the Apgar Score. The Pulse and Heartbeat, Breathing, Movements, Skin Colour and Reflexes are all Scored out of 2 Combined to a Total out of 10. Less Than 7 Indicates Help is Needed.
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Name Some Initial Checks After Birth?
Facial Features and Body Propotions, Limbs and Spine, Hands (Number of Creases could Indicate Down Syndrome), Umbellical Cord, Temperature, Weight, Lenght and Head Circumference. Within 24 Hours, a Check is made for the Passing of Meconium.
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Name Some Futher Check After Birth?
Ears (Hearing), The Fontanelles, The Abdomen, The Genitals, Hip Joints (Congenital Dislocation), Eyes, Nose, Nerves and Muscles.
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When and What is Tested For in the Newborn Blood Screening?
Done at 7-10 Days. Testing for Cystic Fibrosis, Sickle Cell Anaemia and Thalassaemia, PKU (Phenyl-Ketonuria) and Thyroid Function. If the Baby has PKU, a Special Diet is Needed to Prevent Brain Damage.
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What is Checked at the Mothers Post Natal Appointment?
Her Emotional State, That her Uterus has Srunk Back To Size and Tucked Back into the Pelvis, That any Stiches Has Dissolved, Wounds have Healed and Blood Pressure is Normal.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What is the Breech Position?


Is when either the Baby's Legs or Bottom are First. A Caesarean Section might be Advised.

Card 3


What is the Tranverse Position?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What is the Oblique Position?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What is Induction? Why might a Women by Induced?


Preview of the front of card 5
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