Biopsychology - the nervous system

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  • Created by: EliseCeri
  • Created on: 26-04-16 09:45
What is the nervous system?
A specialised network of cells in the human body and our primary communication system.
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What are the two main fuctions of the nervous system?
1) to collect, process and respond to information in the environment 2) to co-ordinate the working of different organs and cells in the body
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what are the two sub-systems in the nervous system?
The central nervous system (CNS) + The peripheral nervous system (PNS)
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What does the CNS contain?
The brain and the spinal chord
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What are the four main areas of the brain
Cerebrum, cerebellum, Diencephalon, brain stem
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Name three characteristics of the cerebrum
1) The largest part of the brain 2) Has many areas 3) has many functions
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Give an example of what the Cerebrum controls
The frontal lobe is involved in thought and speech production.
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What does the Cerebellum control?
1) motor skills and balance 2) co-ordinates muscles
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what are the two sub-sections of the Diencephalon?
Thalamus and Hypothalamus
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What does the Thalamus do?
It's a relay station for nerve impules from the senses
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What does the Hypothalamus do?
It's the link to the endocrine system
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What does the Brain Stem do?
regulates automatic function (swallowing)
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What is the outer layer of the brain called?
The cerebral cortex
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What is the spinal chord responsible for?
an extention of the brain responsible for reflex actions.
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What does the peripheral nervous system do?
stransmits messages , via millions of neurons to and from central nervous system.
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What is the peripheral nervous system divided into?
Somatic and autonomic
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What does the somatic nervous system do?
transmits information from receptor cells in the sensory organ to CNS. It also controls muscle movement.
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What does the autonomic nervous system do?
Governs vital functions in the body such as breath + heart rate
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What are the two main divisions of the Autonomic nervous sytem?
sympathetic and parasympathetic
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Card 2

Front

What are the two main fuctions of the nervous system?

Back

1) to collect, process and respond to information in the environment 2) to co-ordinate the working of different organs and cells in the body

Card 3

Front

what are the two sub-systems in the nervous system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does the CNS contain?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the four main areas of the brain

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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