Biololgy-Monoclonal antibodies

What are monoclonal antibodies?
Identical antibodies
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What produces antibodies?
B-lymphocytes
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What produces Monoclonal antibodies?
Lots of clones of a single white blood cell.
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What hormone is found in the urine of a pregnant women?
HCG
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What happens in a pregnancy stick if you are pregnant?
The hormone binds to the antibodies on the blue beads, the urine moves up the stick carrying the hormone and the beads, the hormone and beads bind to the antibodies on the *****, the blue beads get stuck on the ***** Turning it blue.
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What happens in a pregnancy stick if you are not pregnant?
The urine also moves up the stick carrying the blue beads, however there is nothing to stick the blue beads onto the test ***** so it doesn’t go blue.
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What can monoclonal antibodies be used for?
Pregnancy tests, Treat disease, research to find specific substances, in labs to measure the levels of hormones and other chemicals in the blood.
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How can antibodies be used to treat disease?
These antibodies target specific cells, meaning that the drug kills the cancer cells but doesn’t kill any normal body cells near the tumour.
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What are the advantages of monoclonal antibodies?
Can treat cancer without damaging normal body cells, can target specific cells.
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What are the disadavantages of monoclonal antibodies?
Cause more side effects than expected such as fever, low blood pressure and vomiting.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What produces antibodies?

Back

B-lymphocytes

Card 3

Front

What produces Monoclonal antibodies?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What hormone is found in the urine of a pregnant women?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happens in a pregnancy stick if you are pregnant?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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