Biology Keywords

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The mass of living organisms in a certain area
BIOMASS
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A group of cells working together to achieve the same function
TISSUE
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The process of respiration using oxygen from the atmosphere
AEROBIC RESPIRATION
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Alkaline fluid produced in the liver to aid digestion and the breaking down of food molecules
BILE
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The green pigment found in leaves which absorbs light for photosynthesis
CHLOROPHYLL
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A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction
CATALYST
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The passing of genetic information from the parent to the child
INHERITANCE
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Structure in a plant which contains chlorophyll
CHLOROPLASTS
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The movement of molecules from an area of high concentration to an area of a low concentration
DIFFUSION
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Sex cells produced in sexual reproduction
GAMETES
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Plants use carbon dioxide and water during what process?
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
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The process of respiration without oxygen from the air
ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION
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The enzyme found in saliva
AMYLASE
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Enzymes have a specific shape where a substrate binds called the__________?
ACTIVE SITE
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The movement of molecules in and out of the partially permeable membranes using energy from respiration
ACTIVE TRANSPORT
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Reproduction without producing gametes. An example of this is cloning
ASEXUAL
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A group of foods which provide energy
CARBOHYDRATES
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Number of daughter cells produced by meiosis
FOUR
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Used to sample an area/to count a number of organisms
QUADRANT
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These are made up of glycerol and fatty acids
LIPIDS
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The boundary layer of the cell which provides the cell with shape and structure
CELL WALL
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An organism that is genetically identical to it's parent
CLONE
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The process of breaking down food molecules
DIGESTION
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DNA found in a chromosome which contains a characteristic
GENE
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Glucose is stored in an insoluble form in plants as __________
STARCH
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How many daughter cells are produced in mitosis
TWO
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What is a fertilised egg also called?
ZYGOTE
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Biological catalyst found in the body
ENZYMES
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The outer layers of a cell which dictates which substances go into and out of the cell
CELL MEMBRANE
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A method used to measure the distribution of organisms
TRANSECT
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The type of cell division producing gametes
MEIOSIS
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Type of cell division producing clones
MITOSIS
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Diffusion of water through a partly permeable surface
OSMOSIS
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A substance within the cel which doesn't include the nucleus
CYTOPLASM
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Breaking down of glucose and oxygen in order to provide energy for cells
RESPIRATION
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A group of cells working together to achieve the same function

Back

TISSUE

Card 3

Front

The process of respiration using oxygen from the atmosphere

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Alkaline fluid produced in the liver to aid digestion and the breaking down of food molecules

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The green pigment found in leaves which absorbs light for photosynthesis

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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