Biology Key Words

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  • Created by: ejones97
  • Created on: 07-04-14 16:41
Alveoli
Tiny air sacs in the lungs where gas exchange occurs
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Amino Acids
building blocks of proteins
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Anaerobic Respiration
releasing energy from glucose in living cells in the absence of oxygen to produce a small amount of energy very quickly
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Antagonistic muscles
a pair of muscles that work together to create movement: when one contracts the other relaxes
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antibiotics
medication used to kill bacterial pathogens inside the body
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antibody
produced by white blood cells to destroy disease-causing microorganisms
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artery
large blood vessel with narrow lumen and thick elastic walls (carries blood away from the lungs)
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arthropod
an invertebrate animal with an exoskeleton and segmented body and jointed legs
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asexual
reproduction with no parent; offspring are clones
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asbestosis
a lung disease caused by inhaling asbestos particles
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asthma
an illness that stops people breathing properly due to a narrowing of the airways
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bacteria
microscopic, single-celled organism with no nucleus
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biodiversity
the variety of living organisms in an ecosystem
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biofuel
a fuel produced by a living organism
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biomass
the mass of matter in a living organism
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bronchi
the branches of the trachea (windpipe)
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bronchioles
the small braches of the bronchi
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capillary
a blood vessel that connects arteries to the veins; where the exchange of materials takes place
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carcinogens
cancer-causing chemicals
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cardiovascular efficiency
a measure of how well your heart copes with cardiovascular exercise
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

building blocks of proteins

Back

Amino Acids

Card 3

Front

releasing energy from glucose in living cells in the absence of oxygen to produce a small amount of energy very quickly

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a pair of muscles that work together to create movement: when one contracts the other relaxes

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

medication used to kill bacterial pathogens inside the body

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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