biology - GM organisms

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What is genetically engineering?
It is cutting out a usefull gene from one organism and pasting it to another.
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What is a vector?
It is a carrier thats used to insert DNA into other organisms.
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How can plants be genetically modified?
The can be gentically modified by using the bacteria 'agrobacterium tumefaciens' as the vector.
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What is an example of genetically modifying plants?
The gene which makes flavonoids
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Positive for GM food?
People who eat food including flavonoids could help people with cancer live longer. (although may be a more expensive)
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Negative for GM food?
The crop seeds could be too expensive for poor famers.
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steps for Genetically modifying plants to insert flavonoids:
Take the plasmid from the cell of the plant you want, take the gene for making flavonoid (remove using ligase) Put it back into 'agrobacterium tumefaciens' insert leaf discs from another plant to be infected, leaf discs are used to make new plants.
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Card 2

Front

What is a vector?

Back

It is a carrier thats used to insert DNA into other organisms.

Card 3

Front

How can plants be genetically modified?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is an example of genetically modifying plants?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Positive for GM food?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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