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two types of cells
plant and animal
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similarities of plant & animal cells
they both have a nucleus, they both have a cytoplasm, both have a cell membrane, both have a mitochondria and they both have ribosome's.
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nucleus
contains DNA
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cytoplasm
a gel-like substance where proteins such as enzymes are made
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cell membrane
it holds the cell together and controls what come in and what goes out.
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ribosomes
this is where proteins are made in the cell
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plant cells have but animal cells don't
rigid cell wall, vacuole, chloroplasts
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rigid cell wall
it supports the cell and strengthens it
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vacuole
it contains cells sap which is a weak solution of sugar and salts
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chloroplasts
photosynthesis takes place here
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bacteria cells dont have a ...
nucleus or mitochondria
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red blood cells are adapted to
carry oxygen
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similar cells are....
organised into tissues
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tissue
a group of similar cells that work together to carry out a function
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in mammals examples of tissues include......
muscular tissue, glandular tissue, epithelial tissue
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muscular tissue
contracts (shortens) to move whatever its attached to
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glandular tissue
makes and secretes (oozes out) chemicals like enzymes and hormones
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tissues are......
organised into organs
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organs are .......
a group of different tissues that work together to perform a certain function.
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the stomach is made up of the following tissues....
muscular , glandular, epithelial
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muscular tissues moves.......
the stomach wall to churn up food.
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glandular tissues makes....
digestive juices to digest food
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epithelial tissues........
covers the outside and inside of the stomach
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organs are....
organised into organ systems
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an organ system is ....
a group of organs working together
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organ example .....
digestive system
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the digestive system....
breaks down food
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gland example of digestive system
pancreas , salivary gland
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stomach and small intestine.......
digest food
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the liver produces....
bile
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the small intestine
absorbs soluble food modules
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the large intestine......
absorbs water from undigestive food creating faeces
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the digestive system takes in ...
nutrients
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the digestive system releases......
substances such as bile
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enzymes are.......
catalysts
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enzymes are produced by......
living things
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enzymes are all
proteins
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enzymes are created by....
living things
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enzymes reduce the need for....
high temperatures
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catalyst.........
substance which increases the speed of a reaction
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enzymes are all....
proteins
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proteins are made up of.....
chains of amino acids
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proteins act as what........
catalysts, structural components of tissues, hormones and antibodies
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substrate is a ......
molecule that is changed in a reaction
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active site....
is where a substrate joins onto the enzyme
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lock and key is.....
the substrate needs to fit into the enzyme like a key for a reaction
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enzymes need what to work....
correct temperature and ph
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enzymes in the human body need what temp to work ?
37 degrees c
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enzymes need a optimum ph to work ...
neutral ph 7
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pepsin enzyme breaks down .....
proteins in the stomach
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pepsin enzyme level is......
ph2 it like acids conditions
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enzymes in digestion are produced by.....
cells then released into the gut to mix with food
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big molecules are....
starch proteins and fats
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what breaks down big molecules.....
digestive enzymes
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smaller molecules are....
sugars, amino acids, glycerol and fatty acids
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digestive enzymes .....
break big molecules into smaller ones
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amylase
converts starch into sugars
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3 places making amylase
salivary glands pancreas small intestine
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protease converts proteins into
amino acids
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protease is made in which areas .....
stomach, pancreas, small intestine
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lipase converts......
lipids into glycerol and fatty acids
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lipase is found in which 2 areas
pancreas , small intestine
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bile neutralises
the stomach acid
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bile emulsifies
fats
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the liver produces
bile
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bile is stored
in the gall bladder
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bile is released into the..
small intestine
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bile is
alkaline
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hydrochloric acid is....
ACIDIC
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bile emulsifies
fat
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bile makes digestion
faster
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

they both have a nucleus, they both have a cytoplasm, both have a cell membrane, both have a mitochondria and they both have ribosome's.

Back

similarities of plant & animal cells

Card 3

Front

contains DNA

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

a gel-like substance where proteins such as enzymes are made

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

it holds the cell together and controls what come in and what goes out.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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