Biology: enzymes and the digestive system

  • Created by: Ashleigh
  • Created on: 04-02-13 17:50
for example glucose
monosaccharide
1 of 24
for example maltose
disaccharide
2 of 24
for example starch
polysaccharide
3 of 24
what are all monosaccharides and some disaccharides
reducing sugars
4 of 24
glucose + glucose =
maltose
5 of 24
glucose + fructose =
sucrose
6 of 24
glucose + galactose =
lactose
7 of 24
what reaction creates water and a saccharide
condensation reaction
8 of 24
what reaction is a saccharide combined with a water molecule
hydrolysis
9 of 24
what substances are made from carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
proteins
10 of 24
what do two amino acids make
dipeptide
11 of 24
what are enzymes in a reactions
biological catalysts
12 of 24
what are all biological catalysts
speeds up reactions
13 of 24
what a proteins in shapes
globular
14 of 24
what are catabolism
large to small
15 of 24
what are anabolism
small to large
16 of 24
what effects enzymes
temperature and pH
17 of 24
what do enzymes do to the activation energy
slow it down
18 of 24
in enzyme diagrams what word describes the lock and key fit
complimentary
19 of 24
what is the disadvantage of a lock and key diagram
make the enzyme seem rigid whereas the enzymes shape can alter slightly
20 of 24
what is an inhibitor
a substance that prevents an enzyme from working
21 of 24
where do complementary inhibitors bind
on the active site
22 of 24
where do non-complimentary inhibitors bind
anywhere other than the active site
23 of 24
how do non-complimentary inhibitors do to the enzyme
when the inhibitor combines to the enzyme it effects the shape by changing
24 of 24

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

for example maltose

Back

disaccharide

Card 3

Front

for example starch

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what are all monosaccharides and some disaccharides

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

glucose + glucose =

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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