Biology Core classification

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What are the 5 kingdoms?
Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Prokaryotae, Protoctista
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What are the several further ranks before we reach a decision on a particular species?
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species. Note:Kevin Plays Carinet Or Flute - Grotty Sound!
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What is Binomial classification?
formal system of naming species of living things by giving each a name composed of two parts, the Genus name and the
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why is binomial classification important?
because it clearly identifies species, study and conserve species, target conservation efforts.
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What are the characteristics of the kingdom: animalia?
multicellular, no cell wall or chlorophyll, heterotrophic feeders*all multicellular animals.
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What are the characteristics of the kingdom: plantae?
Multicellular, have cell walls and chlorophyll, autotrophic feeders*all green plants.
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What are the characteristics of the kingdom: Fungi?
Multicellular, have cell walls, dont have chlorophyll, saprophytic feeders
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What are the characteristics of the kingdom: Protoctista?
Usually unicellular, with a nucleus
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What are the characteristics of the kingdom: Prokaryotes?
Unicellular, with no nucleus
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what is the classification name for humans?
Homo Sapiens
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What is the name of the single celled organism that is difficult to classify and why?
called Euglena, it has Chloroplasts like a plant, but no cell wall like an animal and a flagellum to swim like bacteria.
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Why do scientists not classify Viruses as a living thing?
Because it does not show all seven processes of life, and when it enters a cell it changes the way a cell works so it can make copies of the virus.
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what are vertebrates?
animals with a backbone
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What features do scientists seperate the vertebrate group by into smaller groups?
how the animal takes in oxygen(gills, lungs, skin), thermoregulation (homotherm, or poikilotherms), reproduction (external/internal or oviparous/viviparous)
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What does oviparous and Viviparous mean?
Oviparous:Lay eggs, viviparous:Give birth to live young
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What does homeotherm or poikilotherm mean?
homeotherm:maintains own temp, poikilotherm:temp varies with surroundings
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What are the 5 vertebrate groups?
Fish, amphibian, reptile, bird, mammal.
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what are the characteristics of the vertebrate: fish?
gills, external fertilization, oviparous, poikilotherm.
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what are the characteristics of the vertebrate:amphibian?
lungs/gills, external fertilisiation, oviparous, poikilotherm.
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what are the characteristics of the vertebrate: reptiles?
lungs, external fertilisation, oviparous, poikilotherm.
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what are the characteristics of the vertebrate: Bird?
Lungs, internal ferilisation, oviparous, homeotherm.
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what are the characteristics of the vertebrate: mammal?
lungs, internal fertilisation, viviparous, homeotherm.
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why is classification complicated sometimes?
Variety within a species, hybridisation, ring species.
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what is hybridisation?
closely related species breed to produce offspring that have characteristics of both – the hybrids are often infertile
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what is a ring species?
neighbouring populations of species may have slightly different characteristics but can still interbreed as part of a chain but the two ends of the chain can’t interbreed.
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Card 2

Front

What are the several further ranks before we reach a decision on a particular species?

Back

Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species. Note:Kevin Plays Carinet Or Flute - Grotty Sound!

Card 3

Front

What is Binomial classification?

Back

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Card 4

Front

why is binomial classification important?

Back

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Card 5

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What are the characteristics of the kingdom: animalia?

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