Biology - Chapter 6 (P2)

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What are clones?
An organism that is genetically identical to another organism
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What is asexual reproduction?
Asexual reproduction involves a single parent, it produces genetically identical cells
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What is sexual reproduction?
Sexual reproduction involves two parents, it produces gentically different cells
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What type of reproduction produces genetically identical offspring?
Asexual reproduction
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Which type of reproduction result in a variation in offspring?
Sexual reproduction
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Name a quick way of cloning plants
Taking cuttings from mature plants
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Why is it more difficult to clone animals than plants?
Animals take longer to develope alsouj
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Name two cells needed in adult cell cloning
Egg cell and skin cell
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What is used to cut genes out of chromosomes?
Enzymes
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Why do farmers grow geneticaly modified crops?
Higher amount of yield, so more money
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Which cloning technique is suitable for amateur gardeners to do?
Taking cuttings from plants
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What is one advantage of taking cuttings from plants?
New, genetically identical plants can be grown quickly and cheaply
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Where can the donor nucleus come from in adult cell cloning?
A skin cell
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What sort of organisms can be genetically engineered?
Both plants and animals
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Briefly describe how plant clones can be produced using cuttings
A branch from the parent plant is cut off, its lower leaves removed and the stem planted in damp compost
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Name one useful product that humans have genetically modified bacteria to produce
Insulin
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Explain how a sheep can be cloned using adult cell cloning
The nucleus is removed from an unfertilised egg cell and the nucleus is removed from an adult body cell and stimulate the egg cell with an electric shock to make it divide. When its divided, you implant it into a surrogate female sheep to develope
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is asexual reproduction?

Back

Asexual reproduction involves a single parent, it produces genetically identical cells

Card 3

Front

What is sexual reproduction?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What type of reproduction produces genetically identical offspring?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which type of reproduction result in a variation in offspring?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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