Biology (B1) - Medicine and Drugs

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Roma
  • Created on: 18-12-13 17:06
What is the process in which drugs are tested and tried?
In science labs on cells, tissues or organs. If the drug works it is then tested on animals, healthy human volunteers (to see if it's safe) and then on patients.
1 of 13
What is a placebo?
A pill which does not contain a drug. It is sometimes given to half the patients when the others are given the drug. This is to check that the drug being tested really does have an effect on the patient.
2 of 13
What is a double blind trial?
Neither the doctor nor the patient knows who is given the drug or placebo. People must report back with the results.
3 of 13
What is thalidomide?
A drug developed as a sleeping pill, but it could also prevent morning sickness. It was not tested and caused limb abnormalities in the babies. The drug was banned but is now being used to treat other conditions e.g. leprosy.
4 of 13
What are statins?
Drugs which lower bad cholesterol levels, often taken daily be old people. Trials show that the incidence of heart disease and strokes has gone down by 40%.
5 of 13
How do you make sure non-prescribed drugs work?
Conduct a double blind trial.
6 of 13
What are recreational drugs?
Drugs taken for pleasure e.g. cocaine and heroine. They are often addictive and illegal. Cannabis is and illegal recreational drug and could lead to 'hard' using drugs.
7 of 13
What happens if you stop taken addictive drugs?
You will suffer withdrawal symptoms.
8 of 13
What are the effects of recreational drugs?
They affect the brain and CNS (which is why they're addictive). They may also have adverse affects on the heart and circulatory system.
9 of 13
What can cannabis cause?
Mental illnesses and a greater risk of getting depression in teenagers.
10 of 13
What are steroids?
Drugs which are used to build muscle mass.
11 of 13
Why are strong pain killers banned in sport?
The athlete might ignore an injury and suffer further damage.
12 of 13
Why are performance enhancing drugs bad?
They are expensive and put those who can't afford them at a disadvantage. They can damage the body and even lead to death. Most people think it is unethical.
13 of 13

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a placebo?

Back

A pill which does not contain a drug. It is sometimes given to half the patients when the others are given the drug. This is to check that the drug being tested really does have an effect on the patient.

Card 3

Front

What is a double blind trial?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is thalidomide?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are statins?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Biology resources:

See all Biology resources »See all Medicine and drugs resources »