Biology B1.2 -Insulin&Diabetes

What do insulin and Glucagon do?
Control Blood Sugar level
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What does eating carbohydrates do?
Puts glucose into the blood from the gut
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What does the metabolism do?
remove glucose from the blood
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What does vigorous exercise do?
remove glucose from the blood
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What happens when your blood glucose level is too high?
Insulin is added by the pancreas, and the insulin and glucose is removed by the liver
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What happens when your blood glucose level is too low?
glucagon is added by the pancreas, and the glucagon is removed by the liver and glucose is added
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What is type 1 diabetes caused by?
Lack of insulin
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What happens when someone has type 1 diabetes?
the pancreas produces little or no insulin so the blood sugar can rise to a level that will kill them?
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How can type 1 diabetes be controlled?
Avoiding foods rich in carbohydrates, injecting insulin at meal times
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Where is insulin injected into?
subcutaneous tissue
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What does the amount of insulin injected depend on?
The persons diet and exercise routine.
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What is type 2 diabetes caused by?
A person who is resistant to insulin or the pancreas doesn't produce enough of it
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Who has an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes?
Obese people with a BMI over 30
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How do you work out a persons BMI
Body mass(Kg) divided by height (m)
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What can type 2 diabetes be controlled by?
having a health diet, regular exercise and loosing weight. Some exceptions can have medication or insulin injections.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does eating carbohydrates do?

Back

Puts glucose into the blood from the gut

Card 3

Front

What does the metabolism do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does vigorous exercise do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happens when your blood glucose level is too high?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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