BIOLOGY 7: Exercise & Fitness

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What is fitness?
A measure of how well you you can do physical activites
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What can increase fitness?
Exercise
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When is exercise most effective?
When it'd done in a structured way by following a regime
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Who designs fitness regimes for people?
Fitness practitioners (personal trainers & gym instructors)
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What 6 things to fitness practitioners need to know before they start designing a fitness regime?
Health problems, current medication, previous fitness treatments, other lifestyle factors, family medical history and physical activity
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When you're not exercising, what level is your heart rate and blood pressure?
Resting level
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What happens to your heart rate and blood pressure as you exercise?
It increases
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What is the recovery period?
The time it takes for your heart rate and blood pressure to return to their resting levels, when you stop exercising
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Is your recovery period shorter or longer, depending on how fit you are?
Shorter
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What does BMI stand for?
Body mass index
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What is the formula for calculating BMI?
BMI = body mass (kg) / height² (m²)
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Why might BMI not be the most accurate way to see someone's fitness?
It doesn't take muscle into consideration and muscle is more dense than fat
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What is another indicator of fitness along with BMI?
Proportion of body fat
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What happens to the percentage of body fat as your fitness increases?
The percentage of body fat decreases
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What can you see by monitoring your fitness?
If you're improving
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What are the two things you need to check in any experiment?
Accuracy & repeatability
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What can increase fitness?

Back

Exercise

Card 3

Front

When is exercise most effective?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who designs fitness regimes for people?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What 6 things to fitness practitioners need to know before they start designing a fitness regime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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