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Active Transport
The movement of substances from a high to low concentration gradient and/or across a cell membrane using energy
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ADH (Anti-diruetic Hormone)
The hormone that controls the selective reabsorbtion of water in the kidney
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Diploid
Having two sets of chromosomes in the nucleus of the cells; one from the male parent and one from the female parent.
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Dominant
A characteristic that will show up in the offspring even if only one allele is inherited.
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Genotype
Alleles of particular gene (TT, Tt, tt)
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Habitat
The place where an animal or plant lives including the living and non-living aspects of the area.
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Haploid
Having only one set of chromosomes in the nucleus of the cell.
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Homozygous
when the two alleles for particular gene on a pair of chromosomes are the same. (TT, tt)
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Hetrozygous
When two alleles for a particular genes are different (Tt)
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Meiosis
Two stage cell division which reduces the number of chromosomes-important in the formation of gamets
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Mitosis
Asexual cell division, single staged process results in identical daughter cells.
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Natural selection
The process of evolution. Only the organisms adapted to their environment will survive and will proceed to breed the fittest organisms.
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Osmoregulation
The control of mineral ions and water in the cytoplasm of a cell or the blood of n organism.
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Phenotype
the physical characteristic of an organism with respect to one or more genes.
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Plasmids
The extra circles of DNA containing extra genes used in genetic engineering.
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Population
A group of individuals as the same species live in a habitat and breed together.
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Zygote
The new diploid individual formed when the haploid male and female gametes meet and fuse in sexual reproduction.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The hormone that controls the selective reabsorbtion of water in the kidney

Back

ADH (Anti-diruetic Hormone)

Card 3

Front

Having two sets of chromosomes in the nucleus of the cells; one from the male parent and one from the female parent.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A characteristic that will show up in the offspring even if only one allele is inherited.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Alleles of particular gene (TT, Tt, tt)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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