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Where is bile/gall made and what does it do?
In the Liver, it gets rid of toxins from the body and helps break down fats
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What temperature is the human body?
37 degrees Celsius
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What happens in the large intestine?
Excess is water absorbed into bloodstream, undigested waste turned into faeces
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What food group provides the most energy?
Carbohydrates
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What does the enzyme amylase do?
Amylase catalyses the breakdown of starch into sugars in the mouth and small intestine
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What does the enzyme protease do?
Proteases catalyse the breakdown of proteins into amino acids in the stomach and small intestine
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What does the enzyme lipase do?
Lipases catalyse the breakdown of fats and oils into fatty acids and glycerol in the small intestine
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What is a catalyst?
A catalyst is a substance that speeds up the rate of a chemical reaction
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How does saliva aid digestion?
It contains enzymes which beak down food and it lubricates food making it easier to chew and swallow
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What happens inside the small intestine?
Chemical digestion do food and it absorbs nutrients into your bloodstream
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What is Benedict's solution used to test for?
It is used to test for sugar
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What is biuret solution used to test for?
It is used to test for protein
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What is iodine used to test for?
It is used to test for starch
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What does the pancreas do?
It produces the body's supply of insulin and digestive enzymes, insulin is used for controlling blood sugar levels
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What does fibre do?
It cleans out your digestive system and helps you absorb more nutrients but it can't be digested
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What is the stomach and what does it do?
It is a muscular bag that mechanically breaks down food- it is full of acid
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What is protein used for?
Growth and repair
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What are enzymes?
a substance produced by a living organism which acts as a catalyst to bring about a specific biochemical reaction
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What is starch?
Starch is a complex carbohydrate that is insoluble in water
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What is digestion?
Digestion is when large insoluble molecules are broken down into small soluble molecules
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Card 2

Front

What temperature is the human body?

Back

37 degrees Celsius

Card 3

Front

What happens in the large intestine?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What food group provides the most energy?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does the enzyme amylase do?

Back

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